Effect of tissue processing on the immunostaining of inflammatory cell surface epitopes identified by monoclonal antibodies
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Optimal tissue processing conditions were defined for the immunohistochemical detection of inflammatory cell surface epitopes identified by OKT3, OKT4, OKT6, OKT8, OKIa1, OKM1, Leu7 and pan B cell antibodies. Snap-freezing in isopentan was superior to liquid nitrogen in preservation of morphology. Embedding of the tissues in Tissue-Tek II O.C.T. Compound diminished the intensity of immunostaining with all antibodies studied; however, the embedded tissues tolerated longer storage without drying. Optimal fixation with satisfactory preservation of morphology and immunogenicity was achieved with fixation of the frozen sections in acetone at 4° C for 5 min. Blocking of the endogenous peroxidase with methanol-H2O2 treatment destroyed all epitopes studied except those identified with OKIa1, OKT6 and Leu7.
KeywordsPublic Health Nitrogen Acetone Monoclonal Antibody Cell Surface
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