, Volume 86, Issue 2, pp 207–210 | Cite as

Localization of nucleotide pyrophosphatase in the rat kidney

  • M. Le Hir
  • U. C. Dubach
  • S. Angielski


Hydrolysis of NAD by a nucleotide pyrophosphatase of renal membrane fractions has been reported previously. The aim of the present study was to localize this enzyme in the rat kidney. Nucleotide pyrophosphatase was assayed in glomeruli, in three parts of the proximal tubule and in four parts of the distal tubule dissected form freezedried sections. Nucleotide pyrophosphatase activity, expressed in μmol·min−1·mg protein−1, ranged between 9.8 and 32.3 in the proximal tubular segments and between 1.1 and 2.7 in the distal tubular segments. It was 3.4 in the glomeruli. The enrichement of the activity during the purification of brush border vesicles was measured. A tenfold higher specific activity was found in the brush border vesicles as compared to the renal cortical homogenates. Thus, most of the renal nucleotide pyrophosphatase appears to be localized in the luminal membrane of the proximal tubule. A permeabilization of the membrane did not increase the activity of brush border vesicles. This indicates that all catalytic sites are accessible at the outer surface of the membrane.


Nucleotide Luminal Outer Surface Proximal Tubule Membrane Fraction 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Le Hir
    • 1
  • U. C. Dubach
    • 1
  • S. Angielski
    • 2
  1. 1.Department Forschung und Medizinische UniversitätspoliklinikKantonsspitalBaselSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of Clinical ChemistryMedical AcademyGdanskPoland

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