Detection of antileukoprotease in connective tissue of the lung
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An indirect immunofluorescence technique was applied to frozen sections of central and peripheral human lung tissue to search for extracellular localizations of antileukoprotease (ALP). Two monoclonal anti-ALP antibodies recognizing different epitopes and polyclonal anti-ALP antibodies were used. ALP was found to be localized along elastic fibers in alveolar septa, and also along elastic fibers in the walls of bronchi, bronchioles and blood vessels. Serous cells of bronchial submucosal glands showed labelling as well. In frozen sections of liver and spleen no label was found. Cells and elastic fibers were not labelled when lung tissue sections were processed with polyclonal or monoclonal anti-ALP antibodies, that were blocked with purified ALP before the immunostaining. The association of ALP with elastic fibers of human pulmonary connective tissue is of importance in understanding the role of the inhibitor in the defense of the lung parenchyma against the action of proteolytic enzymes, which is thought to result in emphysema.
KeywordsBlood Vessel Connective Tissue Tissue Section Lung Tissue Human Lung
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