, Volume 92, Issue 2, pp 137–140 | Cite as

An electron spin resonance (ESR) study of free radicals formed from hematoxylin on tissue sections after blueing (alkalization)

  • G. Elek
  • A. Rockenbauer
  • L. Jókay


A free radical signal of 12 G width and g=2.0045 can be observed in hematoxylin stained tissue blocks and sections. The amount of paramagnetic centres in stained specimens is significantly larger than in unstained ones. After alkalization simultaneously with the colour change the former free radical is detectable in hemalum precipitate and on stained paper strips. After solution of the stain in dioxane and alkalization, a well resolved hyperfine structure could be seen which could be assigned to three different radicals with the same g value as observed in the rigid matrix (tissue and paper). Quantitative evaluation of free radical concentration is also carried out for tissue sections.


Public Health Free Radical Electron Spin Resonance Hematoxylin Tissue Section 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Elek
    • 1
  • A. Rockenbauer
    • 2
  • L. Jókay
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pathology of Railway HospitalBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Central Research Institute for Chemistry of the Hungarian Academy of SciencesBudapestHungary

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