, Volume 81, Issue 2, pp 181–185 | Cite as

3α-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase in the ovary of young Mongolian gerbils

  • G. M. Rune
  • A. Bahemann


The ovaries of sexually mature, pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) stimulated, 12 week old Mongolian gerbils were investigated morphologically and enzyme histochemically for the appearance of the 3α-hydroxysteroid and the 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase during the estrous cycle. Up to ovulation, on day 3 of the estrous cycle, the number of vesicular follicles increases continuously. Primarily atretic follicles can be seen on day 4. On day 5 corpora lutea appear, but they degenerate already by day 6.

During the entire estrous cycle, 3α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity can be found in the theca of tertiary follicles and in the interstitial cells, whereas the theca of secondary follicles and the granulosa of healthy follicles do not exhibit any enzyme activity. The activity decreases from day 1 till day 6. The granulosa of atretic follicles and the cells of corpora lutea show only weak activity. It may be significant that the intensity of enzyme activity in the ovary and the estrogen level in the plasma are differently correlated to the estrous cycle.


Public Health Enzyme Activity Estrogen Dehydrogenase Activity Corpus Luteum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. M. Rune
    • 1
  • A. Bahemann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnatomyUniversity of MünsterMünsterFederal Republic of Germany

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