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Fresenius' Zeitschrift für analytische Chemie

, Volume 316, Issue 2, pp 105–123 | Cite as

A Survey of selenium in the environment and a critical review of its determination at trace levels

  • S. E. Raptis
  • G. Kaiser
  • G. Tölg
Original Papers Reviews

Summary

There is sufficient evidence today to assume that selenium has beneficial effects on the growth of plants, and that it is both an essential and toxic trace element for animal and man. This review article intends to show the involvement of selenium in the environment and in biology. Attention is paid, in large, to the occurrence, distribution and accumulation of the element in the eco- and biosphere, but also to toxic effects, interactions with concomitant elements and to the essentiality to animals and humans. Special emphasis is, however, placed on the determination of selenium at trace levels with consideration of systematic errors in environmentally relevant materials. A comprehensive literature search was carried out in order to provide an appropriate overview of the most commonly used analytical methods and their limitations.

Keywords

Selenium Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis Anal Chim Hydride Generation Keshan Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Übersicht über die Bedeutung von Selen in der Umwelt und kritische Bewertung seiner Bestimmungsmöglichkeiten im Spurenbereich

Zusammenfassung

Es gibt heute ausreichende Beweise für die Annahme, daß Selen dem Wachstum der Pflanzen förderlich und für Tier und Mensch sowohl ein essentielles als auch giftiges Spurenelement ist. Die vorliegende Arbeit gibt einen Einblick in die Rolle, die Selen in Umwelt und Biologie spielt. Aufmerksamkeit wird hauptsächlich auf Vorkommen, Verteilung und Anreicherung des Elements in der Öko- und Biosphäre gelegt, aber auch auf toxische Effekte, Wechselwirkungen mit Begleitelementen und auf die Essentialität für Tier und Mensch. Die Bestimmung von Selenspuren in umweltrelevanten Matrices, unter Berücksichtigung von systematischen Fehlern, wird jedoch besonders hervorgehoben. Ein umfassendes Literaturstudium ermöglichte einen Vergleich der am häufigsten verwendeten Bestimmungsmethoden und ihrer Leistungsfähigkeit.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. E. Raptis
    • 1
  • G. Kaiser
    • 1
  • G. Tölg
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Werkstoffwissenschaften, Laboratorium für ReinststoffeMax-Planck-Institut für MetallforschungSchwäbisch Gmünd
  2. 2.Institut für Spektrochemie und Angewandte SpektroskopieDortmund 1Federal Republic of Germany

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