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Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 7–19 | Cite as

Nonlinear optical materials by the sol-gel method

  • John D. Mackenzie
Article

Abstract

The sol-gel method, because of the use of homogeneous liquid solutions and the ability to form gels at room temperature, is uniquely suited for the preparation of many nonlinear optical (NLO) materials, especially films. The preparations of NLO crystalline solids, such as ferroelectrics, oxide glasses, and amorphous ferroelectrics, are described. The preparation of NLO nanocomposites can be made by a number of approaches. These include the mixing of optically active organics into the sol-gel liquid solution, the impregnation of organics into the interconnecting pores of a stabilized oxide gel, and the direct chemical bonding of optically active organics and inorganics to form new hybrid NLO nanocomposites.

Key words

nonlinear optics inorganic-organic hybrids amorphous ferroelectrics ormosils thin films 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • John D. Mackenzie
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of CaliforniaLos Angeles

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