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Synthesis and properties of mullite and cordierite aerogels

Code: HP16

Abstract

This work deals with the preparation of aluminosilicate aerogels, especially mullite (3Al2O3·2SiO2) and cordierite (2MgO·2Al2O3·5SiO2) aerogels, from the cohydrolysis of tetraethoxysilane and chelated aluminum-secbutylate; in the case of cordierite magnesium nitrate was added. The influence of various preparation conditions on the aerogel synthesis is described. Crystallization and sintering behavior of mullite aerogels supercritically dried in acetone or alcohol differs from that one of mullite aerogels dried in CO2. During non-isothermal heat treatment the former show a drastically reduced shrinkage compared to the latter. This behavior can be explained by a phase separation during the high temperature autoclaving process. In cordierite aerogels the crystallization of tetragonal mullite at about 1000°C is observed, while the correspondent xerogels show the crystallization of α- and μ- cordierite between 1000 and 1100°C. On the other hand sintering is promoted in cordierite aerogels, which is due to the content of MgO.

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Heinrich, T., Tappert, W., Lenhard, W. et al. Synthesis and properties of mullite and cordierite aerogels. J Sol-Gel Sci Technol 2, 921–924 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00486377

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00486377

Keywords

  • aerogels
  • sintering
  • x-ray diffraction
  • thermal analysis