Biochemical Genetics

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 315–331 | Cite as

Genetic regulation of glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity in the inbred mouse

  • John J. Hutton


The erythrocyte glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity characteristic of each of 16 inbred mouse strains falls into one of three distinct classes. Strains C57L/J and C57BR/cdJ represent the low activity class: strains A/J and A/HeJ represent the high activity class; other strains have intermediate activities. There is no evidence that structural variation is responsible for the variation in G6PD activity, since partially purified enzyme from each class has the same thermal stability, pH-activity profile, Michaelis constants for G6P and NADP, electrophoretic mobility, and activity using 2-deoxy d-glucose 6-phosphate as substrate. The activities of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase and glucose phosphate isomerase do not differ in erythrocytes of the three G6PD activity classes. Young red cells have higher G6PD activities than old red cells and there is evidence that the intracellular stability of the enzyme is reduced in red cells of strain C57L/J. G6PD activities in kidney and skeletal and cardiac muscle from animals with low red cell G6PD are slightly lower than the activities in kidney and muscle from animals with high red cell G6PD activity. The quantitative differences in red cell G6PD activity are not regulated by X-linked genes, but by alleles at two or more autosomal loci. A simple genetic model is proposed in which alleles at two unlinked, autosomal loci, called Gdr-1 and Gdr-2 regulate G6PD activity in the mouse erythrocyte.


Activity Class Inbred Mouse Inbred Mouse Strain G6PD Activity Glucose Phosphate Isomerase 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • John J. Hutton
    • 1
  1. 1.Mammalian Genetics SectionRoche Institute of Molecular BiologyNutley

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