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Models, mathematics and metaphors

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This essay is based in part on a paper given at the American Society of Zoologists Refresher Course in Evolution in August 1959 and in part on a paper read to the University of Rochester Philosophy Discussion Group at its December 1959 meeting. I am indebted to that latter group and especially to Prof. Lewis Beck for their unstinted criticism of my somewhat unorthodox view of models.

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Lewontin, R.C. Models, mathematics and metaphors. Synthese 15, 222–244 (1963).

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