Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 85, Issue 1, pp 237–248 | Cite as

Techniques and strategies for the reduction of ammonia emission from agriculture

  • S. G. Sommer
  • N. Hutchings
Article

Abstract

Agricultural production systems are recognised as a major source of atmospheric ammonia (NH3). When deposited, the NH3 may contribute to eutrophication of oligotrophic ecosystems and to acidification. Techniques for the reduction of ammonia emission are mainly focused on reducing the NH3 emitting area exposed to the air, reducing the NH3 or ammonium (NH 4 + ) concentration in solution or reducing the exchange of air above the emitting surface. In this paper we present the techniques and changes in farming practice which may reduce NH3 emission. Due to interactions between different sources on a farm, reduction in NH3 emission from individual parts of the livestock production system cannot simply be added to give the net reduction in emission from the total system. Thus a whole farm system approach is needed for devising control strategies for reducing NH3 emission.

Key words

ammonia volatilization animal housing manure storage manure spreading grassed grassland loss reduction modelling 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. G. Sommer
    • 1
  • N. Hutchings
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept Soil Science, Research Centre FoulumDanish Institute of Plant and Soil ScienceTjeleDenmark
  2. 2.Macaulay Land Use Research Institute CraigiebucklerAberdeenScotland

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