Zur Charakterisierung von Boden-Huminstoffen

  • Bernhard Post
  • Reinhold Hempfling
  • Horst Klamberg
  • Hans-Rolf Schulten
Environmental Analysis

On the characterization of humic substances in soils

Summary

Humic acids prepared from four horizons of a Podzol in the Segeberger Forest as well as different fractions of humic substances (fulvić acid, humic acid, and humin) of the Ahe horizon were characterized by a combination of analytical methods. As basis served the data from elemental analyses, UV/VIS-, FTIR-, and 13C-NMR spectroscopy, gel permeation chromatography using Fractogel TSK, and vapor pressure osmometry. Utilizing pyrolysis in direct coupling with field ionization mass spectrometry, more detailed information about structural features of the humic substances in soils could be obtained. In this manner, the different importance of carbohydrates, aromatic, and lipidic components in the various fractions is observed. The characteristic temperature dependence of the averaged molecular weights of the pyrolyzates indicates a basic structural skeleton, which is quite similar for the humic acids isolated from the different horizons. By degradation of the carbohydrates and increasing incorporation of lipidic components an enhanced biotransformation takes place with increasing depth of the soil profile.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernhard Post
    • 1
  • Reinhold Hempfling
    • 2
  • Horst Klamberg
    • 1
  • Hans-Rolf Schulten
    • 3
  1. 1.Fachbereich ChemieUniversitÄt MarburgMarburgBundesrepublik Deutschland
  2. 2.Lehrstuhl für BodenkundeUniversitÄt BayreuthBayreuthBundesrepublik Deutschland
  3. 3.Fachhochschule FreseniusAbteilung SpurenanalytikWiesbadenBundesrepublik Deutschland

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