Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, Volume 62, Issue 3–4, pp 249–259 | Cite as

Genetic structure of a naturally regenerating Scots pine population tolerant for high pollution near a zinc smelter

  • W. Prus-Głowacki
  • R. Nowak-Bzowy
Special Section Genetic Aspects of Air Pollution

Abstract

A comparison of the genetic structure for a group of 10 to 15 year old Scots pine trees originating from natural regeneration in an extremely polluted area with the genetic structure of 9 reference populations from the same geographical region but only slightly polluted, have demonstrated differences in alleles and genotypes frequencies. The observed heterozygosity (Ho) was lower by 12% for the group of trees from the polluted area. Fixation index (F) exhibited significant excess of homozygotes (F=0.15) in the group of tolerant trees. Average numbers of alleles per locus was higher by 8% in the group of trees from the polluted site. This differs from results from areas with the novel forest decline. Based on the differences in allele and genotype frequencies one might concluded that some of the alleles have a selective disadvantage or a selective advantage in the group of trees in the studied polluted area.

Keywords

Genetic Structure Genetic Similarity Reference Population Polluted Area Fixation Index 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bergmann, F. and Scholz, F.: 1984, ‘Effects of Selection Pressure by SO2 Pollution on Genetic Structure of Norway spurce (Picea abies) in LectureNotes in Biomatematics’ in H.-R. Gregorius (ed.), Population Genetics in Forestry, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 267–275.Google Scholar
  2. Bergmann, F. and Scholz, F.: 1987, Silvae Genetica 36, 80.Google Scholar
  3. Bergmann, F. and Scholz, F.: 1989, ‘Selection Effects of Air Pollution in Norway spurce (Picea abies) populations’, in F. Scholz, H.-R. Gregorius, and D. Rudin (eds.), Genetic Effects of Air Pollutants in Forest Tree Populations. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 145–160.Google Scholar
  4. Geburek, Th., Scholz, F., Knabe, W., and Vornweg, A. L. 1987, Silvae Genetica 36, 49.Google Scholar
  5. Greń, J.: 1972, Modele i badania statystyki matematycznej, PWN, Warszawa.Google Scholar
  6. Gullberg, U., Yazdani, R., and Rudin, D.: 1982, Silva Fennica 16, 205.Google Scholar
  7. Hedrick, P. W.: 1974, Evolution 29, 362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jain, S. K. and Workman, P. L.: 1967, Nature 214, 674.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kahler, A. L., Allard, R. W., Krzakowa, M., Wherhan, C. F., and Neve, E.: 1980, TAG 56, 31.Google Scholar
  10. Mejnartowicz, L.: 1983, Genetica Polonica 24, 41.Google Scholar
  11. Mejnartowicz, L. and Palowski, B.: 1989, ‘Studies of Scots Pine Populations in Polluted and Clean Areas’, in F. Scholz, H.-R. Gregorius, and D. Rudin (eds.) Genetic Effects of Air Pollutants in Forest Tree Populations, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 115–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Müller-Starck, G.: 1985, Silvae Genetica 34, 241.Google Scholar
  13. Müller-Starck, G.: 1989, ‘Genetic Implications of Environmental Stress in Adult Forest Stands of Fagus sylvatica L.’, in F. Scholz, H.-R. Gregorius, and D. Rudin (eds.), Genetic Effects of Air Pollutants in Forest Tree Populations, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 127–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Nei, M. and Roychoudhry, A. K.: 1974, Genetics 76, 379.Google Scholar
  15. Prus-Głowacki, W. and Nowak-Bzowy, R.: 1989, Silvae Genetica 38, 55.Google Scholar
  16. Prus-Głowacki, W. and Godzik, S.: 1991, Silvae Genetica 40, 184.Google Scholar
  17. Rudin, D. and Ekberg, T.: 1978, Silvae Genetica 27, 1.Google Scholar
  18. Scholz, F.: 1990, ‘Importance of the Genetic Structure in Tree Species for Forest Ecosystems Under the Influence of Air Pollutants’, in B. Ulrich (ed.), Proc. International Congress on Forest Decline Research: state of Knowledge and Perspectives, Friedrichshafen 2–6.10.1989, pp. 479–497.Google Scholar
  19. Scholz, F. and Bergmann, F.: 1984, Silvae Genetica 33, 238.Google Scholar
  20. Srivastava, H. S. and Singh, 1987, Phytochemistry 26, 597.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Szmidt, A. and Yazdani, R.: 1984, Arboretum Kórnickie 29, 63.Google Scholar
  22. Tomsett, A. B. and Thurman, D. A.: 1988, Plant, Cell and Environment 11, 383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Venne, H., Scholz, F., and Vornweg, A.: 1989, ‘Effects of Air Pollutants on Reproductive Processes of Poplar (Populus ssp.) and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.)’ in F. Scholz, H.-R. Gregorius, and D. Rudin (eds.), Genetic Effects of Air Pollutants in Forest Tree Populations, Springer -Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 89–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Yazdani, R. and Rudin, D.: 1982, Hereditas 96, 191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Prus-Głowacki
    • 1
  • R. Nowak-Bzowy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeneticsA. Mickiewicz UniversityPoznańPoland

Personalised recommendations