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Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 65, Issue 3–4, pp 353–369 | Cite as

Inorganic and organic sulfur profiles in nine Sphagnum peat bogs in the United States and Czechoslovakia

  • Martin Novák
  • R. Kelman Wieder
Article

Abstract

Depth profiles of total S, organic S, soluble SO 4 2− -S, FeS, and FeS2 were characterized for Sphagnum-derived peat cores collected from 9 sites. Marcell S-2 Bog (MN), Tamarack Swamp (PA), Cranesville Swamp (MD/WV), and Big Run Bog (WV) receive water from precipitation and upland runoff; atmospheric S deposition is 13, 47, 54, and 114 mmol m−2, yr−1, respectively. McDonald's Branch Swamp (NJ) is predominantly groundwater fed. Tub Run Bog (WV) and Allegheny Mining Bog (MD) receive augmented SO 4 2− inputs through acid coal mine drainage. Jezerní slat' and BoŽí Dar Bog in Czechoslovakia receive atmospheric S inputs of 33 and 243 mmol m−2 yr−1, respectively. In the peat from all sites except Allegheny Mining Bog, where the substantially augmented SO 4 2− input was reflected in an unusually high dissolved SO 4 2− pool in the surface peat, organic S (probably mostly carbon bonded S) was the dominant S fraction; FeS2 was generally the dominant inorganic S fraction. Subsurface peaks in total S, organic S and FeS2-S in peat from the runoff water fed sites were interpreted as indicative of depth-dependent patterns in S reduction/oxidation and in S immobilization/mineralization. Unless SO 4 2− inputs to a site are tremendously augmented (e.g., Allegheny Mining Bog), the rapid turnover of the dissolved SO 4 2− pool combined with the relative stability of the other inorganic and organic S pools, apparently functions as an effective buffer against site differences in S inputs, leading to a general similarity in vertical S profiles in the peat deposits.

Keywords

SO42 FeS2 Surface Peat Sphagnum Peat Peat Core 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Novák
    • 1
  • R. Kelman Wieder
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyVillanova UniversityVillanovaUSA

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