Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 85, Issue 3, pp 1801–1806 | Cite as

Describing soil SO42− dynamics in the solling roof project with two different modelling approaches

  • C. Alewell
  • B. Manderscheid
  • A. Lükewille
  • P. Koeppe
  • J. Prenzel
Part VII Recovery from Acidification


The release of previously stored soil SO42− is tightly connected with the reversibility of soil and water acidification. Thus soil SO42− dynamics have to be included when predicting the reversibility of acidification. Our aim was to compare two modelling approaches: The model MAGIC (Cosby et al., 1985) describes SO42− dynamics with the Langmuir sorption isotherme. In the SO-MODEL (Prenzel, 1991) a precipitation/ dissolution of jurbanite is defined.

Even though it was possible to calibrate both models to lysimeter data of the Solling D1 site in 1 m depth, the prognosis for SO42− concentrations in the soil solution differed significantly. While MAGIC predicted the observed gradual decrease of SO42− concentration with decreasing deposition, the SO-MODEL calculated stable concentrations up to the year 2026 followed by a sudden drop. Because the prognosis established with the SO-MODEL is incompatible with observed field data, we concluded that the predicted SO42− dynamic of the SO-MODEL was unrealistic.


Precipitation SO42 Field Data Soil Solution Gradual Decrease 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alewell, C.: 1995, Bayreuther Forum Ökologie, 19, 1–187.Google Scholar
  2. Alewell, C. and Matzner, E.: 1993, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 71:155–165.Google Scholar
  3. Blanck, K., Lamersdorf, N. und Bredemeier, M.: 1993, Forstarchiv, 64, 164–172.Google Scholar
  4. Bredemeier, M., Lamersdorf, N. and Widey, G.: 1993, Forstarchiv, 64, 154–158.Google Scholar
  5. Boxman, A.W., van Dijk, H.F.G. and Roelolfs, J.G.M.: 1991, GSF-Bericht, 43, 29–54.Google Scholar
  6. Courchesne, F. and Hendershot, W. H.: 1990, Soil Science, 150, 571–578.Google Scholar
  7. Cosby, B.J., Hornberger, G.M., Galloway, J.N. and Wright, R.F.: 1985, Water Resources Research, 21, 51–63.Google Scholar
  8. Dillon, P.J. and LaZerte, B.D.: 1992, Environmental Pollution, 77, 211–217.Google Scholar
  9. Förster, R.: 1987, Ber. d. Forschungsz. Waldökosysteme Göttingen, Reihe A, 28, 1–137.Google Scholar
  10. Furrer, G. and Westall, J.: 1989, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 53, 595–601.Google Scholar
  11. Gjessing, E.T.: 1994, Environment International, 20, No.3, 363–368.Google Scholar
  12. Gundersen, P. and Beier, C.: 1988, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 39, 247–261.Google Scholar
  13. Johnson, D.W., Swank, W.T. and Vose, J.M.: 1991, Biogeochemistry, 23, 169–196.Google Scholar
  14. Kros, J., Groenenberg, J.E., De Vries, W. and Van der Salm, C.: 1995, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 79, 353–375.Google Scholar
  15. Lükewille, A. and Prenzel, J.: 1993, Applied Geochemistry, Suppl., 2, 131–134.Google Scholar
  16. Manderscheid, B., Matzner, E., Meiwes, K.-J. and Xu, Y.: 1995, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 79, 3–18.Google Scholar
  17. Matzner, E.: 1988, Ber. d. Forschungsz. Waldökosysteme Göttingen, Reihe A, 40, 1–217.Google Scholar
  18. Matzner, E. and Meiwes, K.J.: 1994, Journal of Environmental Quality, 23, 162–166.Google Scholar
  19. Meiwes, K.J.: 1979, Göttinger Bodenkundliche Berichte, 60, 1–108.Google Scholar
  20. Newell, A.D.: 1993, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 67, 257–280.Google Scholar
  21. Prenzel, J.: 1991, Ber. des Forschungsz. Waldökosysteme Göttingen, 28, 1–51.Google Scholar
  22. Prenzel, J.: 1994, Journal of Environmental Quality, 23, 188–194.Google Scholar
  23. Prenzel, J. and Schulte-Bisping, H.: 1991, Ber. d. Forschungsz. Waldökosysteme Göttingen, Reihe B, 29, 1–47.Google Scholar
  24. Schindler, D.W.: 1985, Chemical Processes in Lakes, John Wiley & Sons LTD, New York, 225–250.Google Scholar
  25. Schober, R.: 1979, Ertragstafeln wichtiger Baumarten. J.D. Sauerländer's Verlag, Frankfurt a.M.Google Scholar
  26. Weaver, G. T., Khanna, P. K. and Beese. F.: 1985, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 49, 746–750.Google Scholar
  27. Wesselink, B.: 1994, Time Trends & mechanisms of soil acidification. Wageningen, PhD Thesis.Google Scholar
  28. Wesselink, B., van Grinsven, H. and Großkurth, G.: 1995a, Quantitative modeling of soil forming processes. SSSA Spec. Publ. ASA, CSA and SSSA, Madison, WI. (in press).Google Scholar
  29. Wesselink, B., Mulder, J. and Matzner, E.: 1995b, Geoderma (in press).Google Scholar
  30. Wright, R.F., Lotse, E. and Semb, A.: 1988, Nature, 334, 670–675.Google Scholar
  31. Wright, R.F., Lotse, E. and Semb, A.: 1993. RAIN Project: Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 50, 258–268.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Alewell
    • 1
  • B. Manderscheid
    • 1
  • A. Lükewille
    • 2
  • P. Koeppe
    • 3
  • J. Prenzel
    • 3
  1. 1.BITÖK, Dep. of Soil EcologyUniversity of BayreuthBayreuth
  2. 2.NIVAOslo
  3. 3.Dep. of Soil Science and Plant NutritionUniversity of GöttingenGöttingen

Personalised recommendations