Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 85, Issue 3, pp 1521–1526 | Cite as

Biomonitoring ozone phytotoxicity in eastern Spain

  • B. S. Gimeno
  • J. Peñuelas
  • J. L. Porcuna
  • R. A. Reinert
Part III Direct Effects of Air Pollutants on Vegetation

Abstract

High ozone (O3) levels have been recorded in eastern Spain. A project was developed to identify the areas of elevated O3 and determine if these levels were above critical concentrations for plant damage. Thus, a network of bioindicators was established in two Autonomous Communities of Spain: Catalunya (31.930 km2) and Valencia (23.305 km2) to assess O3 phytotoxicity. Three tobacco cultivars, (Bel-W3, Bel-C and Bel-B) were used during the 1994 growing season in both Regions. In Catalunya the highest O3 phytotoxicity was recorded in coastal areas, while the phytotoxicity decreased as plants were grown further in-land. A lower O3 phytotoxicity was observed in coastal sites of the Valencia Autonomous Community, compared to Catalunya, although the O3 injury was observed downwind from Valencia city in the most resistant cultivar Bel-B. The results in the Valencian Community were difficult to interpret, since plant viruses were widely distributed, not only in indicator plants, but also in commercial crops grown in the area. The analysis of O3 concentrations, meteorological parameters and visible injury at the Catalan sites showed that high relative humidity levels could favour O3 phytotoxicity. Therefore, the interactions between O3 exposure and environmental conditions on plant response should be further studied for the establishment of sound critical levels.

Keywords

Ozone Resistant Cultivar High Relative Humidity Coastal Site Humidity Level 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Biondi, F., Miganengo, L. and Schenone, G.: 1992, Env. Monit. & Asses., 22, 73–87.Google Scholar
  2. Dunning, J.A. and Heck, W.W.: 1977. J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 27, 882–886.Google Scholar
  3. Fuhrer, J. and Achermann, B. (ed.): 1994. Critical Levels for Ozone, A UN-ECE workshop report. FAC, Liebefeld.Google Scholar
  4. Gimeno, B.S., Salleras, J.M., Porcuna, J.L., Reinert, R., Velissariou, D. and Davison, A.W.: 1993, Assessment of ozone induced visible injury on different commercial crops along the Spanish eastern mediterranean coast. A survey. In: Effects of Air Pollution on Agricultural Crops in Europe. Proceedings of the final Symposium of the European Open-Top Chambers project, Jäger, H.J., Unsworth, M., De Temmerman, L. and Mathy, P. (ed.) CEC Air Pollution Research Report 46: 511–514.Google Scholar
  5. Gimeno, B.S., Velissariou, D., Schenone, G. and Guardans, R.:1994, Ozone effects on the mediterranean region: An overview. In: Critical Levels for Ozone. A UN-ECE workshop report, Fuhrer, J. and Achermann, B. (ed.). FAC, Liebefeld, pp: 122–136.Google Scholar
  6. Gimeno, B.S., Salleras, J.M., Porcuna, J.L., Reinert, R., Velissariou, D. and Davison, A.W. The use of watermelon as an ozone bioindicator. In: Bioindicators of Environmental Health, Munavar, M. (ed) S.P.B. Academic Publishing. Ecovision World Monograph Series, (in press).Google Scholar
  7. Heggestad, H.E.: 1991, Environ. Pollut. 74, 264–291.Google Scholar
  8. Krupa, S.V., Grünhage, L., Jäger, H.J., Nosal, M., Manning, W.J., Legge, A.H. and Hanewald, K.:1995, Env. Pollut. 87, 119–126.Google Scholar
  9. Martín, M., Plaza, J., Andrés, M.D., Bezares, J.C. and Millán, M.M.:1991, Atmos. Environ. 25A, 1523–1535.Google Scholar
  10. Reinert, R., Gimeno, B.S., Salleras, J.M., Bermejo, V., Ochoa, M.J and Tarruel, A.:1992, Agric. Ecosys. and Environ 38, 41–49.Google Scholar
  11. Tonneijck, A.E.G.: 1994, Use of several plant species as indicators of ambient ozone: Exposure-response relationships. In: Critical Levels for Ozone. A UN-ECE workshop report. Fuhrer, J. and Achermann, B. (ed.) FAC Liebefeld, 1994, pp: 288–293.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. S. Gimeno
    • 1
  • J. Peñuelas
    • 2
  • J. L. Porcuna
    • 3
  • R. A. Reinert
    • 4
  1. 1.CIEMATMadridSpain
  2. 2.VA de Barcelona, Facultatde CienciesCREAFBellaterraSpain
  3. 3.Generalitat ValencianaServicio de Sanidad VegetalSilla (Valencia)Spain
  4. 4.Department of Plant PathologyUSDA-ARS, North Carolina State UniversityRaleigh

Personalised recommendations