Heavy metals in street and house dust in Bahrain

Abstract

A total of 106 street and household dusts have been sampled throughout Bahrain and analyzed for Pb, Zn, Cd, Ni and Cr using the atomic absorption spectrophotometric method. The sampling sites were divided into seven categories, including the control site. Results showed that dust samples contained significant levels of the metals studied compared with the control values. The mean values for Pb, Zn, Cd, Ni and Cr in street dust were 697.2, 151.8, 72.0, 125.6 and 144.4 μg g−1 respectively, whereas for household dust they were 360.0, 64.4, 37.0, 110.2 and 144.7 μg g−1. These values suggest that motor vehicles form a major source of these metals in dust samples. The values of heavy metals in dust samples in this study were compared with values found in other investigations in various countries. With respect to Ni, elevated concentration could be attributed to smoke from the burning of Kuwait oil fields. Also correlations between metal levels in dust samples for all the metals were investigated. Our results show that heavy metal levels in various sites in Bahrain are similar, which indicate that Bahrain can be considered as one big urban center with high population and traffic density.

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Salim Akhter, M., Madany, I.M. Heavy metals in street and house dust in Bahrain. Water Air Soil Pollut 66, 111–119 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00477063

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Keywords

  • Burning
  • Heavy Metal
  • Dust
  • Smoke
  • Motor Vehicle