Advertisement

Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 85, Issue 2, pp 937–942 | Cite as

Chemical, biological and socio-economic approaches to the liming of Lake Alinenjärvi in southern Finland

  • P. Iivonen
  • T. Järvenpää
  • A. Lappalainen
  • J. Mannio
  • M. Rask
Part VI Freshwater Liming and Soil Mitigation

Abstract

The aim of this comprehensive study is to estimate the effects and usefulness of liming Lake Alinenjärvi based on chemical, biological and socio-economic studies. Methodological standpoints concerning the limestone dissolution rate, acidic surges and reacidification are also discussed. L. Alinenjärvi (0.4S km2) is located near the city of Nokia with a surrounding population of over 5 000 (< 2 km). Before liming, the lake had only a sparse crayfish (Astacus astacus L.) population left, because reproduction had been failing since the early 1980s. The most important effect of liming is that it should connect with the potential production of crayfish. The roach (Rutilus rutilus L.) population was also affected. The liming improved the chemical quality of the water, and decreased also the Al and Mn concentrations. The number of phytoplankton species increased, and the species composition of periphyton changed after liming. The a-chlorophyll concentration in water remained low. Furthermore, crustacean zooplankton and benthic animals increased in abundance in the first late summer after liming. The diet analysis of perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) gave comparable results suggesting a possible positive effect of liming on their food resources. The improved water quality seems to make the reproduction of the crayfish possible again, but recovery would take several years. To guarantee a recovery, the introduction of new crayfish individuals and supplementary neutralizing methods would be needed. The results of a mailed survey showed that L, Alinenjärvi is a valuable water source for the local people. The most usual forms of leisure around the lake and shores are, however, outdoor recreation and swimming, with only minor usage for fishing. Despite that, though the immediate benefits would be negligible, a majority of local residents supported the continuation of liming even though they would have to carry the costs in the future.

Keywords

Phytoplankton Lime Improve Water Quality Crustacean Zooplankton Minor Usage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Appelberg, M. and Alden, U. 1992. “Integrerad uppföljning av kalkningens effekter (IKEU). Eu treårsrapport”. (English summary: Three years of integrated monitoring of limed lakes and rivers in Sweden. Information from the the Inst. of Freshw. Res., Drottningholm, 4, 1–60.Google Scholar
  2. Bengtsson, B. and Bogelius, A. 1995. “Socio-economic consequences of aquatic liming”, In: Henrikson, L. and Brodin, Y.W. (Eds), Liming of acidified surface waters a Swedish synthesis, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 423–458.Google Scholar
  3. Eriksson, F., Hörnström, E., Mossberg, P. and Nyberg, P.: 1983, “Ecological effects of lime treatment of acidified lakes and rivers in Sweden”, Hydrobiologia, 101, 145–164.Google Scholar
  4. Forsius, M., Malin, V., Mäkinen, I., Mannio, J., Kämäri, J., Kortelainen, P. and Verta, M.: 1990 “Finnish lake acidification survey: survey design and random selection of lakes”, Environmetrics, 1, 73–88.Google Scholar
  5. Henrikson, L. and Brodin, Y.-W.: 1995, “Liming of surface waters in Sweden — a synthesis”, In: Henrikson, L. and Brodin, Y.W. (Eds), Liming of acidified surface waters a Swedish synthesis, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 1–44.Google Scholar
  6. Hultberg, H.: 1988. “Critical loads for sulphur to lakes and streams”, Nord, 97, 185–200.Google Scholar
  7. Olem, H.: 1990. “Liming acidic surface waters. Acidic deposition: State of science and technology”, Washington, D.C., Nat. Acid Precip. Ass. Program (NAPAP), Report 15, 149 p.Google Scholar
  8. Rask, M.: 1991, “Iso Valkjärvi research: an introduction to a multidisciplinary lake liming study”, Finnish Fish. Res., 12, 25–34.Google Scholar
  9. Rask, M., Mannio, J., Forsius, M., Posch, M. and Vuorinen, P.J.: 1995, “How many fish populations in Finland are affected by acid precipitation?” Env. Biol. of Fishes, 42, 51–63.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Iivonen
    • 1
  • T. Järvenpää
    • 2
  • A. Lappalainen
    • 2
  • J. Mannio
    • 1
  • M. Rask
    • 3
  1. 1.Finnish Environment AgencyHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.Finnish Game and Fisheries Research InstituteHelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.Evo Fisheries Research and AquacultureFinnish Game and Fisheries Research InstituteEvoFinland

Personalised recommendations