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Fresenius' Zeitschrift für analytische Chemie

, Volume 328, Issue 6, pp 480–483 | Cite as

Quantitative alteration of readily volatile petroleum components in water pollution by simulated weather factors and a rapid column chromatographic separation of the aromatic petroleum fraction

  • J. Bundt
  • W. Herbel
  • H. Steinhart
Original Papers Environmental Analysis

Summary

It is demonstrated by simulated environmental factors that after the application of petroleum onto a water surface, alterations in the distribution pattern are primarily caused by evaporation. During 8 h of analysis, it has been shown that evident loss by evaporation occurs especially for low-molecular n-alkanes, where the evaporating velocity is dependent on the film thickness, water temperature and wind velocity. Quantitatively, the concentration decrease of n-alkanes, nonane to pentadecane as well as pristane was determined by capillary gas chromatography with flame ionization detection at different periods of time, different water temperature and film thickness.

A simple, rapid and cost-effective method for column chromatographic separation of low-boiling petroleum is also presented. By means of this method, it is possible to separate aliphatic, mono-, di- and polyaromatics from petroleum. The following gas chromatographic separation of the three fractions is simplified by removal of the non-volatile components.

Keywords

Petroleum Film Thickness Wind Velocity Nonane Pristane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Quantitative Veränderungen leichtflüchtiger Mineralölkomponenten bei Gewässerverunreinigungen unter simulierten Witterungsbedingungen und schnelle säulen-chromatographische Abtrennung des aromatischen Mineralölanteils

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Bundt
    • 1
  • W. Herbel
    • 1
  • H. Steinhart
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Biochemie und LebensmittelchemieHamburgFederal Republic of Germany

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