Fresenius' Zeitschrift für analytische Chemie

, Volume 328, Issue 6, pp 480–483 | Cite as

Quantitative alteration of readily volatile petroleum components in water pollution by simulated weather factors and a rapid column chromatographic separation of the aromatic petroleum fraction

  • J. Bundt
  • W. Herbel
  • H. Steinhart
Original Papers Environmental Analysis

Summary

It is demonstrated by simulated environmental factors that after the application of petroleum onto a water surface, alterations in the distribution pattern are primarily caused by evaporation. During 8 h of analysis, it has been shown that evident loss by evaporation occurs especially for low-molecular n-alkanes, where the evaporating velocity is dependent on the film thickness, water temperature and wind velocity. Quantitatively, the concentration decrease of n-alkanes, nonane to pentadecane as well as pristane was determined by capillary gas chromatography with flame ionization detection at different periods of time, different water temperature and film thickness.

A simple, rapid and cost-effective method for column chromatographic separation of low-boiling petroleum is also presented. By means of this method, it is possible to separate aliphatic, mono-, di- and polyaromatics from petroleum. The following gas chromatographic separation of the three fractions is simplified by removal of the non-volatile components.

Keywords

Petroleum Film Thickness Wind Velocity Nonane Pristane 

Quantitative Veränderungen leichtflüchtiger Mineralölkomponenten bei Gewässerverunreinigungen unter simulierten Witterungsbedingungen und schnelle säulen-chromatographische Abtrennung des aromatischen Mineralölanteils

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Bundt
    • 1
  • W. Herbel
    • 1
  • H. Steinhart
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Biochemie und LebensmittelchemieHamburgFederal Republic of Germany

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