Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 78, Issue 1–2, pp 169–177 | Cite as

Biological characterization of a southeast Kansas mining site

  • K. G. Shetty
  • M. K. Banks
  • B. A. Hetrick
  • A. P. Schwab


Soils from a heavy metal contaminated southeast Kansas mining site were characterized for microbial resistance to zinc, cadmium, and lead. Plant availability indices (DTPA-extractable) for zinc were very high in the waste material (610 Μg g−1), while levels of lead and cadmium were more moderate, 45 and 4.3 Μg g−1, respectively. Soil contamination decreased with distance from the mine tailings or ‘chat’. In the rhizosphere, bacterial resistance to zinc and cadmium increased as the DTPA-extractable plant availability indices increased. Mycorrhizal root colonization was not affected by the heavy metal concentration in the soil. The established vegetation in the contaminated area included warm- and cool-season grasses as well as forbs and sedges.


Zinc Heavy Metal Cadmium Metal Concentration Heavy Metal Concentration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. G. Shetty
    • 1
  • M. K. Banks
    • 2
  • B. A. Hetrick
    • 1
  • A. P. Schwab
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA
  3. 3.Department of AgronomyKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA

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