Advertisement

Fresenius' Zeitschrift für analytische Chemie

, Volume 324, Issue 5, pp 486–491 | Cite as

Mass spectroscopy at high mass

  • Peter J. Derrick
Lectures

Summary

High mass in mass spectroscopy is defined as being the region above m/z 10000. Ionization techniques, methods of mass analysis and ion detection are reviewed. A general mechanism of formation of gaseous ions from nonvolatile, thermally labile compounds is put forward. The characteristics in common to all ionization techniques are, it is proposed, the setting-up of a charge at the condensed phase/vacuum interface, and the subsequent field evaporation of ions.

Keywords

Spectroscopy Physical Chemistry Analytical Chemistry Evaporation Mass Spectroscopy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Massenspektrometrie im hohen Massenbereich

Zusammenfassung

Die Definition „Hoher Massenbereich“ in der Massenspektroskopie gilt für Ionen oberhalb von m/z 10000. Es wird eine Übersicht über Ionisierungstechniken, Methoden der Massentrennung und der Ionendetektion gegeben. Ein allgemeingültiger Mechanismus der Bildung von Ionen in der Gasphase aus nicht flüchtigen, thermisch empfindlichen Verbindungen wird vorgestellt. Der Vorschlag beschreibt als gemeinsame Eigenschaft dieser Ionisierungstechniken die Ausbildung einer Ladung an der Grenzschicht zwischen kondensierter Phase und Vakuum bei anschließender feldinduzierter Verdampfung der Ionen.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Beckey HD (1979) J Phys E Sci Instrum 12:72–83Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Benninghoven A, Jaspers D, Sichtermann W (1976) Appl Phys 11:35–39Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Beuhler RJ, Friedman L (1980) Nucl Instrum Methods 170:309–315Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Beuhler RJ, Friedman L (1982) J Chem Phys 77:2549–2557Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Craig AG, McCrae CE, Derrick PJ (1982) Am Soc Mass Spectrom Allied Top 30:635Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cullis PG, Neumann GM, Rogers DE, Derrick PJ (1980) Adv Mass Spectrom 8:1729–1738Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Davis SC (1983) Honours thesis. University of New South Wales, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Davis SC, Derrick PJ (1986) Adv Mass Spectrom 9, in pressGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dell A, Morris HR (1982) Biochem Biophys Res Commun 106:1456–1462Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dole M, Mack LL, Hines RL, Mobley RC, Ferguson LD, Alice MB (1968) J Chem Phys 49:2240–2249Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Giessman U, Röllgen FW (1981) Int J Mass Spectrom Ion Phys 38:267–279Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Håkansson P, Kamensky I, Sundqvist B (1982) Nucl Instrum Methods 198:43–51Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hedin A, Håkansson P, Sundqvist B, Johnson RE (1984) An ion track model for fast ion induced desorption of molecules. Tand Acc Lab, Uppsala, Sweden.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Heinen HJ, Giessmann U, Röllgen FW (1977) Org Mass Spectrom 12:710–715Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Iribarne JV, Thomson BA (1976) J Chem Phys 64:2287–2294Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Katakuse I, Nakabushi H, Ichihara T, Sakurai T, Matsuo T, Matsuda H (1984) Int J Mass Spectrom Ion Phys 57:239–242Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Macfarlane RD, Torgerson DF (1976) Int J Mass Spectrom Ion Phys 21:81–92Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Macfarlane RD (1984) personal communicationGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Matsuda H (1976) in: Sanders JH, Wapstra AH (eds) Atomic masses and fundamental constants, vol 5. Plenum Publ Corp, New York, pp 185–191Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Matsuo T, Matsuda H, Katakuse I (1979) Anal Chem 51:1329–1331Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    McNeal CJ, Macfarlane RD (1981) J Am Chem Soc 103:1609–1610Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Müller EW (1960) Adv Electron Phys 13:83–179Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Natoli V (1981) Honours thesis. La Trobe University, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Neumann GM, Cullis PG, Derrick PJ (1980) Z Naturforsch 35a:1090–1097Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Rogers DEC, Derrick PJ (1984) Org Mass Spectrom 19:490–495Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sundquist B, Kamensky I, Håkansson P, Kjellberg J, Salehpour M, Widdiyasekera S, Fohlman J, Peterson PA, Roepstorff P (1984) Biomed Mass Spectrom 11:242–257Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Sundquist B, Roepstorff P, Fohlman J, Hedin A, Håkansson P, Kamensky I, Lindberg M, Salehpour M, Säwe G (1984), personal communcationGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Vestal ML (1983) Mass Spectrom Rev 2:447–480Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wong SS, Giessmann U, Karas M, Röllgen FW (1984) Int J Mass Spectrom Ion Proc 56:139–150Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Yamashita M, Fenn JB (1984) J Phys Chem 88:4451–4459Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter J. Derrick
    • 1
  1. 1.School of ChemistryUniversity of New South WalesKensingtonAustralia

Personalised recommendations