Fresenius' Zeitschrift für analytische Chemie

, Volume 326, Issue 7, pp 742–743 | Cite as

Some uncertainties associated with preparation of standards in organic matrix

  • M. Cholewa
  • A. L. Hanson
  • K. W. Jones
  • W. P. McNally
  • I. Fand
Lectures V. Analytical Methodology Section


Until recently no techniques which have multielement detection capability, high sensitivity and good spatial resolution in relatively thick tissue section have existed. The use of proton induced x-ray emission (PIXE) and synchrotron radiation induced x-ray emission (SRIXE) using proton and x-ray microbeams changed this situation. However there are some difficulties with the existing standards for quantitatively calibrating the trace elements concentration in biological material. For the purpose of our experiments a special technique of standard production was applied.


Radiation Physical Chemistry Analytical Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry Tissue Section 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Cholewa
    • 1
  • A. L. Hanson
    • 2
  • K. W. Jones
    • 2
  • W. P. McNally
    • 3
  • I. Fand
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Nuclear PhysicsCracowPoland
  2. 2.Brookhaven National LaboratoryUpton, New YorkUSA
  3. 3.Health Sciences Center, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesState University of New York at Stony BrookStony BrookUSA

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