Fresenius' Zeitschrift für analytische Chemie

, Volume 332, Issue 6, pp 623–626 | Cite as

Biological reference materials and analysis of toxic elements

  • R. Subramanian
  • A. Sukumar
Trace Elements


Biological monitoring of toxic metal pollution in the environment requires quality control analysis with use of standard reference materials. A variety of biological tissues are increasingly used for analysis of element bioaccumulation, but the available Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) are insufficient. An attempt is made to review the studies made using biological reference materials for animal and human tissues. The need to have inter-laboratory studies and CRM in the field of biological monitoring of toxic metals is also discussed.


Inorganic Chemistry Quality Control Reference Material Human Tissue Bioaccumulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Biologische Referenzmaterialien und Analyse toxischer Elemente


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Subramanian
    • 1
  • A. Sukumar
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Environmental SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia

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