Fresenius' Zeitschrift für analytische Chemie

, Volume 332, Issue 2, pp 153–156 | Cite as

Determination of calcium in water by flow injection analysis — inductively coupled plasma (FIA-ICP) emission spectrometry

  • Phillip L. Kempster
  • Jacobus F. van Staden
  • Henk R. van Vliet
Original Papers Flow-Injection Systems


Using an 11 ml centrifugal type spray chamber, a rapid sample introduction rate of 320 injections per hour may be achieved when interfacing flow injection analysis and inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometric techniques. Calcium was determined in water samples with a relative standard deviation of better than 3.5% over the analytical range of 10 to 200 mg · l−1 Ca. Mean recovery was 97%.


Flow Injection Analysis Sample Introduction Anal Chim Spray Chamber Carrier Stream 
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Calciumbestimmung im Wasser mit dem Flow-injection-Prinzip kombiniert mit der Induktions-gekoppelten Plasma-Emissions-Spektrometrie (FIA-ICP)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Phillip L. Kempster
    • 1
  • Jacobus F. van Staden
    • 2
  • Henk R. van Vliet
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Water AffairsHydrological Research InstitutePretoriaSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa

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