Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 47, Issue 1–2, pp 125–138 | Cite as

Behavior of runoff-derived metals in a detention pond system

  • Karel Mesuere
  • William Fish
Article

Abstract

The removal and fate of runoff-derived heavy metals in a 1-yr old detention pond system were investigated during climatic conditions typical of the U.S. maritime Northwest. The catchment was a medium-sized, suburban parking lot near Portland, Oregon. Water samples from runoff, the detention pond system, and pond effluent were collected and analyzed for dissolved and particulate Cu. Copper was the dominant toxic metal for the study site, while analysis of selected samples for Pb and Cd showed these metals to be minor pollutants. Total Cu in runoff varied among different storm events over a wide range of concentrations (< 2 to 33 µg L−1), while total Cu levels in pond effluent remained within a fairly narrow range (5 to 12 µg L−1), Sediment samples collected from the detention pond system were analyzed for Cu in two size fractions (< 63 µm and < 125 µm). Copper was found to be deposited in the pond sediments in a small but highly concentrated plume (up to 130 mg kg−1), extending axially from the runoff inlet pipe. Overall, results from this study showed that low-cost, small-scale detention ponds can be a useful management practice for runoff from parking lot areas and can be of value in preserving the integrity of receiving waters.

Keywords

Copper Heavy Metal Water Sample Climatic Condition Management Practice 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karel Mesuere
    • 1
  • William Fish
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science and EngineeringOregon Graduate CenterBeavertonUSA

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