Influence and prevention of bird-droppings in precipitation chemistry experiments


An effective device for keeping away birds during precipitation chemistry experiments is described. It is shown that bird-droppings can have a great influence on the P04- K- and NH4-content of precipitation samples.

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Asman, W.A.H., Ridder, T.B., Reijnders, H.F.R. et al. Influence and prevention of bird-droppings in precipitation chemistry experiments. Water Air Soil Pollut 17, 415–420 (1982).

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  • Precipitation
  • Great Influence
  • Precipitation Chemistry
  • Chemistry Experiment
  • Precipitation Sample