Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 31–40 | Cite as

Comparison of various atmospheric conditions for isolation and subcultivation of Mycoplasma hyorhinis from cell cultures

  • Anna A. Polak-Vogelzang
  • H. H. de Haan
  • J. Borst
Medical Microbiology


The efficiency of aerobic incubation was compared with incubation under various oxygen and carbon dioxide conditions for the isolation and subcultivation of three strains of Mycoplasma hyorhinis from VERO-cell cultures and subcultivation of three laboratory strains.

Under anaerobic conditions with a low oxidation-reduction potential (at or below-115 mV) as obtained in jars, with catalysts, containing mixtures of 5%–10% CO2 in H2, very poor or no growth of any of the six M. hyorhinis strains was observed. When traces of oxygen were present (that is, under conditions with higher oxidation-reduction potentials, e.g. when omitting the catalyst in the above gas mixtures or in 5% CO2+95% N2) isolation from cell cultures was successful in most tests, but subcultivation of these primary isolates was seldom possible under these semi-anaerobic conditions. However, in most cases these primary isolates could be subcultivated aerobically, although aerobic conditions were unsatisfactory for isolation in about half of the experiments.

Isolation of M. hyorhinis was optimal in 5% O2+95% N2, under which condition the isolates could also always be subcultivated. Isolation failed occasionally when 5% O2+5% CO2+90% N2 was used, thus indicating that 5% CO2 was slightly inhibitory. 5% CO2 in air and 10% CO2 either in air, H2 or N2 were also inadequate for isolation from cell cultures.

In contrast to the findings with these cell culture-adapted M. hyorhinis strains, the laboratory strains could be subcultivated easily under all conditions tested except those with an oxidation-reduction potential at or below-115 mV; 100% CO2 was inhibitory for all 6 strains.

Our findings may partly explain why M. hyorhinis is often considered “noncultivable” on artificial media once adapted to cell cultures. The findings emphasize the need to employ also a micro-aerophilic condition (5% O2 in 95% N2) in the examination of cell cultures for mycoplasma.


Cell Culture Carbon Dioxide Anaerobic Condition Aerobic Condition Atmospheric Condition 
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Copyright information

© H. Veenman & Zonen, B. V. 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna A. Polak-Vogelzang
    • 1
  • H. H. de Haan
    • 1
  • J. Borst
    • 1
  1. 1.Rijksinstituut voor de VolksgezondheidBilthovenThe Netherlands

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