European Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 144, Issue 3, pp 236–239 | Cite as

Investigation of serum bile acids; seven patients with Alagille syndrome

  • K. Obinata
  • N. Nakatsu
  • T. Watanabe
  • S. Niijima
  • O. Arisaka
  • H. Sasaki
  • H. Nittono
  • K. Yabuta
  • T. Miyano
Original Investigations

Abstract

To clarify whether an abnormal bile acid pattern has a role in the pathogenesis of Alagille syndrome, we compared serum bile acid patterns in seven with Alagille syndrome with those of patients with congenital biliary atresia (CBA), neonatal hepatitis (NH) and normal infants.

Of the seven patients with Alagille syndrome, four patients were younger and three were older than 1 year. The mean total serum bile acid level in the infants was higher than in older subjects. There was a dissociation between the levels of serum total bile acid and bilirubin in three of the seven cases. The mean total bile acid levels in serum were in the following decreasing order: CBA, Alagille syndrome, NH and controls.

The ratio of cholate to chenodeoxycholate in the younger patients with Alagille syndrome was significantly higher than CBA (P<0.001). However, no specific bile acid pattern was found in Alagille syndrome by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).

Key words

Serum bile acids Alagille syndrome 

Abbreviations

TBA

total bile acids

FBA

free bile acids

conj-BA

conjugated bile acids

C/CDC

ratio of cholate to chenodeoxycholate

G/T

ratio of glycine conjugates to taurine conjugates

GPT

glutamic pyruvic transaminase

CBA

congenital biliary atresia

NH

neonatal hepatitis

HPLC

high performance liquid chromatography

GCA

glycocholate

TCA

taurocholate

GCDCA

glycochenodeoxycholate

TCDCA

taurochenodeoxycholate

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Alagille D (1979) Intrahepatic neonatal cholestasis. In: Javitt NB (ed) Neonatal hepatitis and biliary atresia. Goverment Printing Office, Washington, USA, pp 177–194Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Alagille D, Odievre M, Gautier M, Dommergues JP (1975) Hepatic ductular hypoplasia associated with characteristic faces, vertebral malformations, retarded physical, mental, and sexual development, and cardiac murmur. J Pediatr 86:63–71Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Arisaka O (1981) Studies on the enterohepatic circulation of bile acids in infancy and childhood. Part 1. Acta Pediatr Jpn 23:341–352Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Collins DM, Shannon FT, Campbell CB (1981) Bile acid metabolism in mild arteriohepatic dysplasia. Aust NZ J Med 91:520–527Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hanson RF, Isenberg JN, Williams GC, Hackey D, Szczepanik P, Klein PD, Sharp HL (1975) The metabolism of 3α, 7α, 12α-trihydroxy-5β-cholestan-26-oic acid in two siblings with cholestasis due to intrahepatic bile duct anomalies. J Clin Invest 56:577–587Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Heathcote J, Deodhar KP, Schheuer PJ, Sherock S (1976) Intrahepatic cholestasis in childhood. N Engl J Med 295:801–805Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Henriksen NT, Langmark F, Sørland SJ, Fausa O, Landaas S, Aagenaes Ø (1977) Hereditary cholestasis combined with peripheral pulmonary stenosis and other anomalies. Acta Paediatr Scand 66:7–15Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Leven SE, Zarvos P, Milner SM, Schmaman A (1980) Arteriohepatic dysplasia: association of liver disease with pulmonary arterial stenosis as well as facial and skeletal abnormalities. Pediatrics 66:867–883Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Linarelli LG, Williams CN, Phillips MJ (1972) Byler's disease; fatal intrahepatic cholestasis. J Pediatr 81:484–492Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Niijima S (1985) Studies on the conjugating activity of bile acids in children. Pediatr Res 19:302–307Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nittono H (1979) Studies on the toxicity of bile acids on the hepatobiliary system in rabbits. Acta Pediatr Jpn 21:11–24Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Odievre M, Martin JP, Hadchouel M, Alagille D (1976) Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency and liver diseases in children: Phenotypes, manifestations, and prognosis. Pediatrics 57:226–231Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Okuyama S (1979) HPLC analysis of individual bile acids: free, glycine-and-taurine-conjugated bile acids. Gastroenterol Jpn 14: 129–134Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Riely CA, Cotlier E, Jensen PS, Klatskin G (1979) Arteriohepatic dysplasia: A benign syndrome of intrahepatic cholestasis with multiple organ involvement. Anal Intern Med 91:520–527Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Van Berge Henegouwen (1974) Is an acute disturbance in the hepatic transport of bile acids the primary cause of cholestasis in benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis. Lancet I:1249–1251Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Watson GH, Miller V (1973) Familial pulmonary arterial stenosis with neonatal liver disease. Arch Dis Child 48:459–466Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Williams CN, Kaye R, Baker L, Hurwitz R, Senior JR (1972) Progressive familial cholestasis and bile acid metabolism. J Pediatr 81:493–500Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Obinata
    • 1
  • N. Nakatsu
    • 1
  • T. Watanabe
    • 1
  • S. Niijima
    • 1
  • O. Arisaka
    • 1
  • H. Sasaki
    • 1
  • H. Nittono
    • 1
  • K. Yabuta
    • 1
  • T. Miyano
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsJuntendo University School of MedicineTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Pediatric SurgeryJuntendo University School of MedicineTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations