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Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 123–149 | Cite as

Collision-avoidance for redundant robots through control of the self-motion of the manipulator

  • N. Rahmanian-Shahri
  • I. Troch
Article

Abstract

A new method to on-line collision-avoidance of the links of redundant robots with obstacles is presented. The method allows the use of redundant degrees of freedom such that a manipulator can avoid obstacles while tracking the desired end-effector trajectory. It is supposed that the obstacles in the workspace of the manipulator are presented by convex polygons. The recognition of collisions of the links of the manipulator with obstacles results on-line through a nonsensory method. For every link of the redundant manipulator and every obstacle a boundary ellipse is defined in workspace such that there is no collision if the robot joints are outside these ellipses. In case a collision is imminent, the collision-avoidance algorithm compute the self-motion movements necessary to avoid the collision. The method is based on coordinate transformation and inverse kinematics and leads to the favorable use of the abilities of redundant robots to avoid the collisions with obstacles while tracking the end-effector trajectory. This method has the advantage that the configuration of the manipulator after collision-avoidance can be influenced by further requirements such as avoidance of singularities, joint limits, etc. The effectiveness of the proposed method is discussed by theoretical considerations and illustrated by simulation of the motion of three-and four-link planar manipulators between obstacles.

Key words

Redundant robots collision-recognition inverse kinematics collision-avoidance 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Rahmanian-Shahri
    • 1
  • I. Troch
    • 1
  1. 1.Technical University ViennaWienAustria

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