Advertisement

Mycopathologia

, Volume 60, Issue 3, pp 139–144 | Cite as

Importance of free living mustelid carnivores in circulation of adiaspiromycosis

  • K. Křivanec
  • M. Otčenášek
Article

Abstract

The study of adiaspiromycosis in 8 species of free living mustelid carnivores (266 specimens) revealed the average intensity of infection to be 41.4%. The highest incidence rate was found in the exoanthropic species Putorius eversmanni (73.1 %) and Martes martes (72.2%) while the lowest was observed in the hemisynanthropic species Putorius putorius (30.6%). The stone marten (Martes foina) is a new, still unknown reservoir host of C. parvum var. crescens, C. parvum for which Putorius eversmanni and Mustela nivalis are new hosts, was also demonstrated in 3 cases. In the present paper, the role of mustelid carnivores in natural foci of adiaspiromycosis is discussed and evaluated. The importance of these predators in the circulation of C. parvum var. crescens is relatively wide. They make possible the liberation of adiaspores from the lungs of their prey — primarily small mammals — into the environment and participate in the spread of infection in both the horizontal and vertical directions. They play a part in the process of distributing of the organism to the vicinity of human dwellings, in the development of new elementary foci, and also act as important reservoir hosts of C. parvum var. crescens.

Keywords

Incidence Rate Vertical Direction Average Intensity Small Mammal High Incidence Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Doby, J. M. & M. T. Boisseau-Lebreuil. 1971. Rôle possible des animaux sauvages carnassiers (Oiseaux et Mammifères dans la dissemination mécanique de l'adiaspiromycose par Emmonsia crescens Emmons et Jellison, 1960, dans la nature. Compt. rend. séanc. Soc. Biol. 165: 1119–1122.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Doby, J. M., M. T. Boisseau-Lebreuil & B. Rault. 1971. L'adiaspiromycose par Emmonsia crescens chez les petits mammifères sauvages en France. Mycopath. Mycol. Appl. 44: 107–115.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dvořák, J., M. Otčenášek & F. Hamáček. 1970. Mycology of human adiaspiromycosis caused by Emmonsia crescens Emmons et Jellison 1960. Stud. pneum. phtiseol. czechosl. 30: 310–319.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dvořák, J., M. Otčenášek & B. Rosický. 1973. Adiaspiromycosis caused by Emmonsia crescens, Emmons et Jellison 1960. Studia ČSAV 14, Publ. House Academia, Praha, p. 120.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jellison, W. L. 1950. Haplomycosis in Montana rabbit, rodents and carnivores. Publ. Hlth. Rep. 65: 2–8.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jellison, W. L. 1958. Haplomycosis in Japan and Africa. Mycologia 50: 580–583.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jellison, W. L. & J. W. Vinsen. 1961. The distribution of Emmonsia crescens in Europe. Mycologia 53: 524–535.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kratochvíl, J. & col. 1959. Hraboš polní — Microtus arvalis. Publ. House ČSAV, Praha, pp. 359.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Křivanec, K., M. Otčenášek & B. Rosický. 1975. The role of polecats of the genus Putorius Cuvier, 1817 in natural foci of adiaspiromycosis. Folia parasit. (Praha) 22: 245–249.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Křivanec, K., M. Otčenášek & J. Šlais. 1975. Adiaspiromycose der Iltisse. Mykosen 18: 315–319.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Křivanec, K., J. Dvořák & M. Otčenášek. 1976. Emmonsia crescens Emmons et Jellison 1960 — a common cause of adiaspiromycosis in squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris L.) in Czechoslovakia. Med. parazitol. (Moskva) 45: 464–467.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Křivanec, K., M. Otčenášek & J. Šlais. 1976. Adiaspiromycosis in large free living carnivores. Mycopathologia 58: 21–25.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Otčenášek, M., B. Rosický, K. Křivanec, J. Dvořák & K. Rašín. 1974. The muskrat as reservoir in natural foci of adiaspiromycosis. Folia parasit. (Praha) 21: 55–57.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Otčenášek, M., K. Křivanec & J. Šlais. 1975. Emmonsia parva as causal agent of adiaspiromycosis in a fox. Sabouraudia 13: 52–57.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Otčenášek, M. & Z. Zlatanov. 1975. Natural variability in the mycelial form of Emmonsia crescens. Mycopathologia 55: 97–104.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rosický, B., J. Dvořák & M. Otčenášek. 1967. The natural focality of adiaspiromycosis (adiasporosis). Folia parasit. (Praha) 14: 35–42.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sharapov, V. M. 1970. Adiaspiromycosis in Mustelidae. Transact. of the IX. Intern. congres of game biologists, 662–665.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sharapov, V. M. 1972. On the natural focality of adiaspiromycosis. Izv. sibir. otdel. AN SSSR 2: 46–51.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk bv 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Křivanec
    • 1
  • M. Otčenášek
    • 1
  1. 1.Czechoslovak Academy of SciencesInstitute of ParasitologyPragueCzechoslovakia

Personalised recommendations