Social Choice and Welfare

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 275–286 | Cite as

Pressure group size and the politics of income redistribution

  • D. Wittman


Numerous authors have argued that small groups with concentrated interests have an advantage over larger groups with more diffuse interests. We argue that the reverse situation is more likely. In addition, we extend the one candidate analysis to situations where there are two contestants for any one legislative seat.


Small Group Group Size Economic Theory Reverse Situation Pressure Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aubin JP (1982) Mathematical methods of game and economic theory. North-Holland, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  2. Becker G (1983) A theory of competition among pressure groups for political influence. Q J Econ 98:383–400Google Scholar
  3. Coughlin P (1982) Pareto optimality of policy proposals with probabilistic voting. Public Choice 39:427–433Google Scholar
  4. Coughlin P (1984) Davis-Hinich conditions and median outcomes in probabilistic voting models. J Econ Theory 34:1–12Google Scholar
  5. Coughlin P (1986) Electrons and income redistribution. Public Choice 50:27–91Google Scholar
  6. Coughlin P, Palfrey T (1985) Pareto optimality in spatial voting models. Soc Choice Welfare 1:307–319Google Scholar
  7. Coughlin P, Mueller D, Murrell P (1988) Electoral politics, interest groups, and the size of government. Paper presented at the 1988 Public Choice Meetings, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  8. Demsetz H (1982) Economic, legal, and political dimensions of competition. North-Holland AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  9. Denzau A, Kats A (1977) Expected plurality voting equilibrium and social choice functions. Rev Econ Stud 44:227–233Google Scholar
  10. Denzau A, Mackay R (1980) A model of benefit and tax share discrimination by a monopoly bureau. J Public Econ 13:341–368Google Scholar
  11. Downs A (1957) An economic theory of democracy. Harper and Row, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Enelow J, Hinich M (1984) The spatial theory of voting. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  13. Ferejohn J, McKelvey R, Packel E (1984) Limiting distributions for continuous state Markov voting models. Soc Choice Welfare 1:45–67Google Scholar
  14. Fiorina M (1985) Group concentration and the delegation of legislative authority. In: Noll R (ed) Regulatory policy and the social sciences. University of California PressGoogle Scholar
  15. Friedman M, Friedman R (1980) Free to choose: a personal statement. Harcourt, Brace and JovanovichGoogle Scholar
  16. Frolich N, Oppenheimer J (1987) The politics of redistribution: a theory of strategic taxation in democracy. Paper presented at the 1987 Public Choice Society MeetingsGoogle Scholar
  17. Hinich M (1978) The mean versusthe median and spatial voting games. In: Ordeshook P (ed) Game theory and political science. New York University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. Hinich M, Ledyard J, Ordeshook P (1972) Nonvoting and the existence of equilibrium under majority rule. J Econ Theory 4:144–153Google Scholar
  19. Lindbeck A, Weibull J (1987) Balanced-budget redistribution as the outcome of political competition. 52:273–297Google Scholar
  20. Marks LE (1974) Sensory processes. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  21. McKelvey R (1976) Intransitivities in multidimensional voting models and some implications for agenda control. J Econ Theory 12:472–482Google Scholar
  22. Morton R (1987) A group majority voting model of public good provision. Soc Choice Welfare 4: 117–131Google Scholar
  23. Nash J (1950) Equilibrium points in N-person games. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 36:48–49Google Scholar
  24. Nash J (1951) Non-cooperative games. Ann Math 54:286–295Google Scholar
  25. Peltzman S (1976) Toward a more general theory of regulation. J Law Econ 19:211–240Google Scholar
  26. Peltzman S (1980) The growth of government. J Law Econ 23:209–287Google Scholar
  27. Plott C (1967) A notion of equilibrium and its possibility under majority rule. Am Econ Rev 57: 256–270Google Scholar
  28. Wittman D (1983) Candidate motivation: a synthesis. Am Pol Sci Rev 77:142–157Google Scholar
  29. Wittman D (1984) Multicandidate equilibria. Public Choice 43:287–291Google Scholar
  30. Wittman D (1989) Spatial models when candidates have preferences. In: Enelow J, Hinich M (eds) Readings in the spatial theory of voting. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (forthcoming)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Wittman
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaSanta CruzUSA

Personalised recommendations