Fatty acid analysis of four Azospirillum species reveals three groups
- 60 Downloads
Cellular fatty acid composition of 14 strains from the four species of Azospirillum was determined by gas chromatographic analysis. All strains of Azospirillum lipoferum and Azospirillum brasilense were similar in fatty acid data, thus not revealing an expected distinction between the two long established species. Strains of both Azospirillum halopraeferens and Azospirillum amazonense, however, differed significantly from this first group of strains.
Key wordsCellular fatty acid composition Azospirillum lipoferum/brasilense Azospirillum halopraeferens Azospirillum amazonense Chemotaxonomy
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Amstein CF, Hartman PA (1973) Differentiation of some Enterococci by gas chromatography. J Bacteriol 113:38–41Google Scholar
- Auling G, Probst A, Kroppenstedt RM (1986) Chemo- and molecular taxonomy of D(-)-tartrate-utilizing Pseudomonads. Syst Appl Microbiol 8:114–120Google Scholar
- Berggold R, Werner D (1987) Sucrose uptake in an Azospirillum lipoferum isolate from Sorghum rhizopheres. Angew Bot 61:347–358Google Scholar
- Jantzen E, Bryn K, Bergan T, Bovre K (1974) Gas chromatography of bacterial whole cell methanolysates. V. Fatty acid composition of Neisseriae and Moraxellae. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand 82B:785–798Google Scholar
- Lambert MA, Moss CW (1976) Cellular fatty acid composition of Streptococcus mutans and related Streptococci. J Dent Res 55:A96-A102Google Scholar
- Magalhaes FM, Baldani JI, Souto SM, Kuykendall JR, Döbereiner J (1983) A new acid tolerant Azospirillum species. An Acad Bras Cienc 55:417–430Google Scholar
- Miller L, Berger T (1985) Bacteria identification by gas chromatography of whole cell fatty acids. Gas chromatography, Application Note 228-41, Hewlett-PackardGoogle Scholar
- Moss CW, Dees SB (1976) Cellular fatty acids and metabolic products of Pseudomonas species obtained from clinical specimens. J Clin Microbiol 4:492–502Google Scholar
- Moss CW (1981) Gas-liquid chromatography as an analytical tool in microbiology. J Chromatogr 203:337–347Google Scholar
- Oyaizu H, Komagata K (1983) Grouping of Pseudomonas species on the basis of cellular fatty acid composition and the quinone system with special reference to the existence of 3-hydroxy fatty acids. J Gen Appl Microboiol 29:17–40Google Scholar
- Reinhold B, Hurek T, Fendrik I, Pot B, Gillis M, Kersters K, Thielemans S, De Ley J (1987) Azospirillum halopraeferens sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing organism associated with roots of kallar grass [Leptochloa fusca (L.) Knuth] Int J Syst Bacteriol 37:43–51Google Scholar