Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 369–390 | Cite as

The ultrastructure of Spirulina platensis in relation to temperature and light intensity

  • C. van Eykelenburg
Development and Structure


The ultrastructure of Spirulina platensis, a cyanobacterium with a helical morphology, has been studied in relation to temperature and light intensity. An increase in temperature gives rise to a more tightly coiled trichome, an increase in sheath material formation and a decrease in cyanophycin (above 17°C) and polyglucan (above 20°C) granule concentration. An increase in light intensity leads to an increase in gas vesicle concentration while the phycobilisome content decreases. Furthermore, cylindrical bodies have been observed with a somewhat different ultrastructure from those found in other species of cyanobacteria. The occurrence, size and ultrastructure of polyhedral bodies, photosynthetic lamellae, mesosomes, lipid deposits and an unknown kidney-shaped inclusion in relation to temperature and light intensity are described.


Lipid Light Intensity Spirulina Material Formation Lipid Deposit 
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Copyright information

© H. Veenman & Zonen B. V. 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. van Eykelenburg
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of MicrobiologyDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

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