Skip to main content

Advertisement

Log in

Modelling individual growth of the Antarctic krill Euphausia superba Dana

  • Published:
Polar Biology Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Summary

Growth of the Antarctic krill, Euphausia superba, is not easily determined from net catches nor from laboratory experiments. Therefore, in support of these methods, a phenomenological model was constructed which in its present state describes the growth of a single krill specimen under periodically limiting food conditions with summer seasons of variable lengths. Published data of krill body length vs. age and of the annual cycle of primary production of algae in the Drake Passage were used to formulate equations and to calculate growth curves. At 1,000 days after hatching, the model predicts a body length of 63 mm, growth being delayed by 380 days compared with constant, optimal feeding conditions. Final length, weight and time delay are related to the amount of food supplied and compared with published population growth curves.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Bertalanffy L von (1951) Theoretische Biologie, Band II, Stoffwechsel, Wachstum. A Francke, Bern, 418 pp

    Google Scholar 

  • Boysen E (1982) Untersuchungen an einer Population des nordischen Krills Meganyctiphanes norvegica (M. Sars) im Kattegat. M Sc Thesis, University Kiel, 92 pp

  • Boysen E, Buchholz F (1984) Meganyctiphanes norvegica in the Kattegat. Studies on the annual development of a pelagic population. Mar Biol 79:195–207

    Google Scholar 

  • Buchholz F (1985) Moulting and growth in Euphausiids. In: Siegfried WR, Laws RM, Condy PR (eds) Antarctic nutrient cycles and food webs (Proc 4th SCAR Symp Antarct Biol). Springer, Berlin, pp 339–345

    Google Scholar 

  • El-Sayed SZ (1968) On the productivity of the southwest Atlantic Ocean and the waters west of the Antarctic Peninsula. In: Schmitt WL, Llano GA (eds) Biology of the Antarctic Seas III (Antarct Res Ser 11:15–47)

  • Everson I (1977) The living resources of the Southern Ocean. Southern Ocean Fisheries Survey Programme GLO/SO/77/1 FAO, Rome, 156 pp

    Google Scholar 

  • Fraser FC (1936) On the development and distribution of the young stages of krill (Euphausia superba). Discovery Rep 14:3–192

    Google Scholar 

  • Hempel I, Hempel G (1978) Larval krill (Euphausia superba) in the plankton and neuston samples of the German Antarctic Expedition 1975/76. Meeresforsch 26:206–216

    Google Scholar 

  • Ikeda T, Dixon P (1982) Observations on moulting in Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba Dana). Aust J Mar Freshwater Res 33:71–76

    Google Scholar 

  • Ivanov BG (1970) On the biology of the Anterctic krill Euphausia superba. Mar Biol 7:340–351

    Google Scholar 

  • Jazdzewski K, Dzik J, Porebski J, Rakusa-Suszczewski S, Witek Z, Wolnomiejski N (1978) Biological and populational studies on krill near South Shetland Islands, Scotia Sea and South Georgia in the summer 1976. Pol Arch Hydrobiol 25:607–631

    Google Scholar 

  • Kikuno T (1982) Observations of early developments of the Antarctic krill, Euphausia superba Dana. In: Hoshiai T, Naito Y (eds) Proc 5th Symp Antarct Biol. Memoirs of National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo, pp 38–43

  • Krüger F (1973) Zur Mathematik des tierischen Wachstums. 2. Vergleich einiger Wachstumsfunktionen. Helgol Wiss Meeresunters 25:509–550

    Google Scholar 

  • Mackintosh NA (1972) Life cycle of Antarctic krill in relation to ice and water conditions. Discovery Rep 36:1–94

    Google Scholar 

  • Majkowski J, Uchmański J (1980) Theoretical foundations of individual growth equations in animals. Pol Ecol Stud 6:7–31

    Google Scholar 

  • Makarov RR Larval development of theAntarctic euphausiids. BIOMASS handbook 3, 13 pp

  • Marschall H-P, Hirche H-J (1984) Development of eggs and nauplii of Euphausia superba. Polar Biol 2:245–250

    Google Scholar 

  • Mauchline J (1980) The biology of mysids and euphausiids. Adv Mar Biol 18:373–595

    Google Scholar 

  • Mauchline J, Fisher LR (1969) The biology of euphausiids. Adv Mar Biol 7:1–454

    Google Scholar 

  • McWhinnie MA, Denys C (1978) Biological studies of Antarctic krill, austral summer 1977–78. Antarc J US 13:133–135

    Google Scholar 

  • Nast F (1978/79) The vertical distribution of larval and adult krill (Euphausia superba Dana) on a time station south of Elephant Island, South Shetlands. Meeresforsch 27:101–118

    Google Scholar 

  • Winberg GG (1971) Methods for the estimation of production of aquatic animals. Academic Press, London New York, 175 pp

    Google Scholar 

  • Witek Z, Koronkiewicz A, Soszka GJ (1980) Certain aspects of the early life history of krill Euphausia superba Dana (Crustacea). Pol Polar Res 1:97–115

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Astheimer, H., Krause, H. & Rakusa-Suszczewski, S. Modelling individual growth of the Antarctic krill Euphausia superba Dana. Polar Biol 4, 65–73 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00442902

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00442902

Keywords

Navigation