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European Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 147, Issue 3, pp 292–295 | Cite as

The effect of feeding human milk and adapted milk formulae on serum lipid and lipoprotein levels in young infants

  • V. Wagner
  • H. B. von Stockhausen
Original Investigations

Abstract

The effect of feeding with human milk and commercially available milk substitutes was studied in a group of 154 healthy infants during the first 3 months of life by assessment of body weight, body length, head circumference, skinfold thickness, serum lipid and lipoprotein concentrations. Human milk and the different milk formulae have the same energy content (kcal/100 ml) and total fat, total protein and total carbohydrate contents are comparable but they differ in respect of their fatty acid compositions. The various diets were chosen freely by the parents and the newborns were exclusively fed either human milk (n=56), Multival 1 (n=31), Humana 1 (n=33), or Pre Aptamil (n=34). No significant differences in body, weight, body length or head circumference were observed between any of the different dietary groups. Fat storage, as assessed by measurements of skinfold thickness, was significantly less in breast-fed children compared to those on the formula diets. Breast-fed and Pre Aptamil-fed infants had the highest levels of total serum cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol and LDL. No differences were observed in the levels of total serum triglycerides, very low density lipoprotein (VLDL)- and high density lipoproteins (HDL)-cholesterol, VLDL and HDL. There were no strong correlations between the physical and the biochemical parameters. No indication of an increased risk of developing atherosclerosis was associated with any of the dietary treatments for the duration of this study. However, these investigations support the hypothesis that subtle early nutritional variation can influence mechanisms that regulate lipoprotein and cholesterol levels in later life.

Key words

Human milk Adapted milk Cholesterol Serum lipids Lipoproteins 

Abbreviations

VLDL

very low density lipoproteins

LDL

low density lipoproteins

HDL

high density lipoproteins

HMG-CoA reductase

3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Wagner
    • 1
  • H. B. von Stockhausen
    • 1
  1. 1.Universitäts-KinderklinikWürzburgFederal Republic of Germany

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