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Posterior dislocation of the shoulder: recommendations for a classification

Abstract

Posterior dislocation of the should is rare, constituting only 2.1% of all shoulder dislocations. The mechanisms of injury may be due to direct or indirect forces, and constitutional predisposing factors also play a role. Anatomically, 97.5% of dislocations are subacromial. Three hundred articles published in the international literature concerning posterior shoulder dislocation and subluxation were reviewed and a classification determined by the underlying aetiology was developed. On this basis dislocations and subluxations may be traumatic or atraumatic, primary and recurrent; recurrent cases of voluntary dislocation are considered separately. In addition, a follow-up assessment score weighted towards stability of the shoulder after treatment is detailed.

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Correspondence to K. -D. Heller.

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Heller, K.D., Forst, J., Forst, R. et al. Posterior dislocation of the shoulder: recommendations for a classification. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 113, 228–231 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00441838

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Keywords

  • Public Health
  • International Literature
  • Assessment Score
  • Shoulder Dislocation
  • Recurrent Case