Naturwissenschaften

, Volume 65, Issue 2, pp 73–79 | Cite as

Carbonaceous chondritic material in the solar system

  • Laurel L. Wilkening
Article

Abstract

Carbonaceous chondritic matrix material (CCMM) appears to be an important planet-forming unit in the mid-solar system, from the orbit of Mars to that of Uranus. The type specimen for CCMM is the lowtemperature (400–500 K) assemblage of clay minerals, organic polymer, magnetite, and Ni-rich iron sulfides which constitutes the black, fine-grained matrix of primitive carbonaceous chondrites. Solar-system objects which appear to be partly or wholly made of CCMM are the satellites of Mars, most asteroids, interplanetary dust, and, perhaps, comets, satellites of the outer planets and the rings of Uranus. CCMM constituents probably formed by low-temperature reactions of higher-temperature condensates with the ambient solar composition gas, or in the case of the organic polymer, by reactions of gaseous species catalyzed by solids.

Keywords

Dust Sulfide Magnetite Clay Mineral Solar System 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laurel L. Wilkening
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Planetary Sciences and Lunar and Planetary LaboratoryUniversity of ArizonaTucson

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