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European Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 145, Issue 5, pp 368–371 | Cite as

Renal functional maturation: renal handling of proteins by mature and immature newborns

  • R. G. Galaske
Original Investigations

Abstract

Renal clearance of creatinine (Ccr), total protein excterion, urinary protein composition and renal clearance of albumin (Calb) were measured and calculated in male premature and mature infants of gestational age 29–41 weeks and in mature infants 1 and 3 months of age. Total protein excretion decreased slightly but not significantly during maturation. The urinary protein composition changed significantly as the fraction of low molecular weight proteins decreased from 38% at a gestational age of 29–33 weeks to 24% in mature infants aged 3 months, the albumin fraction increased from 39%–46% and the proportion of higher molecular weight proteins increased from 12%–29%, respectively. Calb decreased from 2.73–0.80 μl/min/1.73 m2 in the presence of a rise in Ccr, resulting in a significant fall of the ratio Calb/Ccr from 0.0137 in the youngest prematures to 0.00147 in 3-month-old mature infants.

Key words

Maturation of kidney function Proteinuria 

Abbreviations

Ccr

clearance of craatinine

Calb

clearance of albumin

GA

gestational age

GFR

glomerular filtration rate

HMW

high molecular weight

LMW

low molecular weight

A

albumin

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. G. Galaske
    • 1
  1. 1.Kinderklinik der Medizinischen Hochschule HannoverHannoverGermany

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