Zeitschrift für Kinderheilkunde

, Volume 94, Issue 1, pp 94–110 | Cite as

Studien zur Pathologie der Statik und Motorik bei hirngelähmten Kindern

1.Teil: Grundlagen und Formen der Bewegungsbehinderung
  • J. Paul
  • J. Frank


The first part of studies concerning the pathology of static and motoric functions is based on observations of 388 children with cerebral paralysis dating from early childhood.
  1. 1.

    neurologic causes

  2. 2.

    sorts and topics of the paralysis and

  3. 3.

    resulting static and motoric retardations.


Abnormal reflexes were found as persistency of static-inhibiting reflexes, absence of static-developing reflexes and other pathological reflexes.

70% of the children showed one of the three basic forms of paralysis: spastic paralysis, athetose and ataxia. Combined forms were found in 30%.

Special points of retardation were retardation in reaching and grasping, retardations in sitting and retardations in walking. Special treatment and limited prognosis can be derived from the investigation of abnormal reflexes. A cumulation of difficulties is evident in spastic tetraplegia, while the combined forms show better results.

All diagnostic and therapeutic devices should be applied during the first year of life as there is a majority of children beyond their fifth year who can neither grasp nor sit nor walk and probably never will be able to do it.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Paul
    • 1
  • J. Frank
    • 1
  1. 1.Universitäts-Kinderklinik Erlangen-NürnbergErlangen-NürnbergDeutschland

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