Rheologica Acta

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 175–184 | Cite as

On the behavior of fine mud suspensions

  • P. Coussot
  • J. M. Piau
Original Contributions


Flows of natural mud-water mixtures are of great interest for industrial and civil engineering. But there is still no general agreement about the methods for determining the main rheological characteristics of these systems. We propose here an accurate rheological study of some natural mud-water mixtures. We first discuss the possible effects of changing various parameters such as temperature, pH, electrolyte concentration, solid concentration, clay type. The behavior of these muds appears to be very sensitive to most of these parameters and to be hardly predictable from a knowledge of their components. Then, we show that a Herschel-Bulkley model fits very well steady flow experimental data for a very large range of shear rates. We also suggest physical explanations of this model in agreement with our observations of behavior changes when some parameters change. The yield stress value of this model provides a good estimation of real yield stress which is a key parameter for mixture behavior. These considerations are very useful to characterize, predict, and compare various mud flows.

Key words

Yield stress rheometry suspensions mud natural clay 


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Copyright information

© Steinkopff-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Coussot
    • 1
  • J. M. Piau
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de RhéologieDomaine UniversitaireGrenoble Cedex 9France

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