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Mycopathologia

, Volume 76, Issue 3, pp 175–183 | Cite as

Clearance and killing of Candida albicans in the perfused mouse liver

  • L. R. Schwocho
  • R. J. Moon
Article

Abstract

Hepatic interactions of C. albicans with perfused mouse livers were characterized and compared in normal and glucan-treated mice. Normal livers, in the absence of serum, trapped greater than 90% and killed greater than 20% of the infused yeast. Phenylbutazone had no effect. Silica treatment abolished killing and decreased trapping suggesting that candidicidal activity of the liver is mediated by Kupffer cells. Immune serum, but not normal serum, enhanced trapping and killing in normal livers. Liver hypertrophy was evident in mice treated with glucan, but no enhanced candidicidal activity was observed in the absence of humoral factors. Specific immune serum and normal serum increased killing of C. albicans in glucan stimulated livers, suggesting a requirement for serum opsonin in facilitating glucan enhanced killing. Specific immune serum potentiated the greatest increase in killing. Glucan treatment in conjunction with immune serum increased killing to approximately 40%. D-mannose, but not D-glucose or D-mannitol impaired trapping of the yeast in livers of normal mice. Together, the data suggest that hepatic trapping of C. albicans involves phagocytic events as well as interactions of the yeast with surface receptors on sinusoidal cells and support the role for the liver in restricting hematogenous dissemination of C. albicans in the infected host.

Keywords

Glucan Candida Albicans Kupffer Cell Phenylbutazone Perfuse Liver 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. R. Schwocho
    • 1
  • R. J. Moon
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Microbiology and Public HealthMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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