Mycopathologia

, Volume 80, Issue 1, pp 33–37 | Cite as

Cutaneous candidiasis in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica)

  • R. L. Sah
  • M. P. Mall
  • G. C. Mohanty
Article

Abstract

Cutaneous candidiasis involving the foot pads of 5–30 weeks old Japanese quails was recorded in a large quail breeding unit. Histopathological lesions comprising granulomatous reaction in the dermis and hyperkeratosis resembled with those of candida granuloma of human beings. The causative fungus, isolated from the foot pad lesions on Sabouraud agar, was identified as Candida albicans on morphological and biochemical characteristics. Predisposing factors such as overcrowding and un-sanitary conditions were found to be apparently responsible for candidiasis in quails. These factors when taken care of resulted in a marked decrease in the disease incidence. This appears to be the first report of cutaneous candidiasis in avian species.

Keywords

Agar Candida Candida Albicans Candidiasis Marked Decrease 

References

  1. 1.
    Blaxland, J. D. & Fincham, I. H., 1950. Mycosis of the crop (moniliasis) in poultry with particular reference to serious mortality occurring in young turkeys. Brit. Vet. J. 106: 221–231.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Duguid, J. P., 1965. Pathogenic Fungi, in Medical Microbiology 7th ed. pp. 517–523. Ed. R. Cruickshank. E. & S. Livingstone Ltd.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gentry, R. F., Bubash, G. R. & Chute, H. L., 1960. Candida albicans in turkeys. Poult. Sci. 39: 1252.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hauser, F. V. & Rothman, S., 1950. Monilial granuloma-Report of a case and review of the literature. Arch. Dermatol. 61: 297–310.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jungerman, P. F. & Schwartzman, R. M., 1972. Veterinary Medical Mycology, pp. 61–74. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kral, F. & Uscavage, J. P., 1960. Cutaneous candidiasis in a dog. J. Amer. Vet. Med. Ass. 136: 612–615.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kuttin, E. S. & Beemer, A. M., 1975. Fungi isolated from birds and animals in Israel, in Recent Advances in Medical and Veterinary Mycology. Ed. Kazuo Iwata. pp. 151–155. University Park Press, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Manual of Histologic and Special Staining Technics 1960. 2nd ed. Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Reynolds, I. M., Miner, P. W. & Smith, R. E., 1968. Cutaneous candidiasis in swine. J. Amer. Vet. Med. Ass. 152: 182–186.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rippon, J. W., 1974. Medical Mycology. The Pathogenic Fungi and the Pathogenic Actinomycetes. pp. 177–204. W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Schwartzman, R. M., Deubler, M. J. & Dice, P. F., 1965. Experimentally induced cutaneous moniliasis (Candida albicans) in the dog. J. Small Anim. Pract. 6: 327–332.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wildra, A., 1957. An improved fermentation method for rapid identification of Candida species. J. Infect. Dis. 100: 70.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. L. Sah
    • 1
  • M. P. Mall
    • 1
  • G. C. Mohanty
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Avian DiseasesIndian Veterinary Research InstituteIzatnagar (U.P.)India

Personalised recommendations