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Mycopathologia

, Volume 120, Issue 3, pp 177–182 | Cite as

Tremorgenic mycotoxins produced by strains of Penicillium spp. isolated from toxic Poa huecu parodi

  • M. Scuteri
  • M. A. Sala de Miguel
  • J. Blanco Viera
  • E. Planes de Banchero
Mycotoxicoses and Mycotoxins

Abstract

Seventeen strains of Penicillium spp. have been isolated from Poa huecu Parodi from the Zapala zone, exhibiting toxicity to sheet. The following strains have been identified: P. crustosum, cyclopium, notatum, palitans, puberulum, verrucosum, viridicatum and Penicillium spp. The toxigenic capacity of the strains was studied after growing them under suitable conditions. Toxins produced were analysed by thin layer chromatography (TLC). Penitrem A (PA) and Penitrem B (PB) neurotoxins were identified and quantitated in twelve strains; verruculogen (VERR) and fumitremorgen B (FTB) being present in one of them. The effect of these mycotoxins was studied in mice. Neurological symptoms characteristic of the intoxication by tremorgenic toxins and similar to those observed in sheep suffering from ‘huecu's disease’ were observed. The possible role of these toxins as causative agents of ‘huecu's disease’ is discussed.

Key words

Penicillium spp. growth ‘in vitro’ tremorgenic mycotoxins Poa huecu Parodi 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Scuteri
    • 1
  • M. A. Sala de Miguel
    • 1
  • J. Blanco Viera
    • 2
  • E. Planes de Banchero
    • 1
  1. 1.Mycotoxins Laboratory, Institut of Microbiology, Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias AgronómicasInstituto National de Tecnología AgropecuariaCastelar, Prov. de Buenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Institute of Animal Pethology, Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias VeterinariasInstituto National de Tecnología AgropecuariaArgentina

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