Quality of Life Research

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 41–46 | Cite as

Effect of cardiac or heart-lung transplantation on the quality of life of the paediatric patient

  • J. Wray
  • R. Radley-Smith
  • M. Yacoub
Research Papers

Abstract

Despite the increase in the use of heart and heart-lung transplantation as methods of treatment for children with end stage heart or lung disease, there is little documented research about the psychological implications of such procedures or about the effects of transplantation on quality of life. Twenty-eight children were studied before and 3 months after heart or heart-lung transplantation and compared with 28 normal children. Developmental and cognitive function were within the normal range, although performance was at a significantly lower level on a number of parameters compared with the normal group. There were no significant changes in any of the developmental or cognitive parameters after transplantation. Pre-operatively the prevalence of problem behaviour at home was significnatly higher in the transplant group compared with the normal group, but there was a significant reduction in the prevalence of problem behaviour following transplantation. Early postoperative findings indicate an improvement in quality of life after heart or heart-lung transplantation but longer term follow-up is now necessary.

Key words

Heart heart-lung transplantation paediatric quality of life 

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Copyright information

© Rapid Communications of Oxford Ltd 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Wray
    • 1
  • R. Radley-Smith
    • 1
  • M. Yacoub
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Cardiothoracic UnitHarefield HospitalHarefieldUK
  2. 2.Royal BromptonLondonUK
  3. 3.National Heart and Lung InstituteLondonUK
  4. 4.Harefield HospitalUK

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