Rheologica Acta

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 286–292 | Cite as

Modelling the linear viscoelasticity of unfilled and carbon black loaded elastomers

  • N. Ruddock
  • P. W. James
  • T. E. R. Jones
Original Contributions


Cyclic small strain deformation of unfilled and carbon black loaded vulcanised elastomers was investigated over a range of strain amplitudes, frequencies, and temperatures in order to determine and model the response of these materials. The elastomer used was a butadiene-acrylonitrile base polymer, KRYNAC 806. The carbon black filler was SRF N774 at a loading of 50 phr (parts per hundred by weight). Experiments were conducted in oscillatory shear using a Weissenberg rheogoniometer. Complex modulus data were obtained for a range of oscillatory shear strain amplitudes not exceeding 0.03 rads, for frequencies in the range 5 Hz–60 Hz and at temperatures between −20°C and 20°C. Time-temperature superposition was obtained for data above −10°C, with the same shifts applicable to both unfilled and carbon black loaded materials. Shifts were represented using the WLF equation. It was found that reduced data over a range of ten decades of log frequency were well represented by a Huet model. Varying the Huet model parameters thus, in principle, affords a means of modelling linear deformations of elastomers containing different loadings of carbon black filler.

Key words

Elastomer carbon black complex modulus Huet model time-temperature superposition 


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Copyright information

© Steinkopff-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Ruddock
    • 1
  • P. W. James
    • 1
  • T. E. R. Jones
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Mathematics and StatisticsUniversity of PlymouthPlymouthUK

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