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Cervical spinal cord compression in hereditary multiple exostoses

Report of a case and a review of the literature

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Abstract

Spinal cord compression is an extremely serious complication of hereditary multiple exostoses (HME). A case of HME with compression of the cervical spinal cord is reported. Complete recovery following surgery was achieved. A review of the relevant literature revealed 51 previous cases of HME with cord/cauda equina compression. Most patients were under 30 years of age with more men affected than women. The family history was positive in 60%. The cervical and thoracic areas were predominantly affected, with the symptoms usually developing slowly. Recovery following surgery is to be expected in the majority of cases. In patients with HME and suffering from neurological symptoms, the possibility of spinal cord compression should be considered. Prompt diagnosis and surgical excision provide the best prognosis.

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Mikawa, Y., Watanabe, R., Nakashima, Y. et al. Cervical spinal cord compression in hereditary multiple exostoses. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 116, 112–115 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00434114

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00434114

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