, Volume 79, Issue 1, pp 45–48 | Cite as

Effect of naloxone and amphetamine on acquisition and memory consolidation of active avoidance responses in rats

  • Susana Fulginiti
  • Liliana M. Cancela
Original Investigations


Pretraining IP injection of naloxone (0.3 mg/kg) or amphetamine (2 mg/kg) enhanced performance during acquisition, but did not improve retention of active avoidance responses in rats. Naloxone (0.1 or 3 mg/kg) had no effect on acquisition or on retention. The combination of naloxone (0.3 mg/kg) plus amphetamine (2 mg/kg) did not produce the facilitation observed when each of the two drugs was administered alone. Pretreatment with the higher dose of naloxone (3 mg/kg) blocked the facilitative effect of amphetamine on acquisition. Post-training administration of naloxone (0.3 mg/kg) or amphetamine (2 mg/kg) improved retention. Naloxone (0.1 or 3 mg/kg) had no effect. When naloxone and amphetamine were combined, at respective doses of 0.3 mg/kg and 2 mg/kg, the improvement did not occur, i.e., the higher dose of naloxone prevented the facilitative effect of amphetamine. In addition, an ineffective dose of amphetamine (0.5 mg/kg), given either pre-or post-training together with the lower dose of naloxone (0.1 mg/kg), produced a significant enhancement of acquisition or consolidation, respectively. The results are consistent with the possibility that naloxone might exert its facilitative action on acquisition and memory consolidation through the release of catecholaminergic systems from inhibitory influences of opioids.

Key words

Naloxone Amphetamine Active avoidance conditioning Post-training treatment Pretraining treatment retention Acquisition Learning Memory consolidation Rat 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susana Fulginiti
    • 1
  • Liliana M. Cancela
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Farmacología, Facultad de Ciencias QuímicasUniversidad Nacional de CórdobaCórdobaArgentina

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