Exposure to welding fumes and chronic renal diseases, a negative case-referent study

  • Mats Hagberg
  • Bengt Lindqvist
  • Stig Wall
Article

Summary

It was observed that some patients with glomerulonephritis or interstitial nephritis were welders. A hypothesis that welding fumes were an occupational hazard was put forward and initiated the following case-referent study. 143 cases were defined as living males, age 25 to 65 years, with renal disease which caused renal biopsy from 1976–1982. Three population-based referents for each case were selected from the national register of the total population matched by sex, age and community. Exposure was assessd by means of a questionnaire. Only 7% of the cases and 12% of the referents did not answer the questionnaire. There were no differences in exposure rates between cases and referents, even if exposure restrictions were applied. The power of the case-referent study was high.

Key words

Welding Occupational diseases Epidemiology Glomerulonephritis Interstitial nephritis 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Hardell L (1981) Relation of soft-tissue sarcoma, malignant lymphoma and colon cancer to phenoxy acids chlorophenols and other agents. Scand J Work Environ Health 7:119–130Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Littorin M, Welinder H, Hultberg B (1984) Kidney function in stainless steel welders. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 53:279–282Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Malker H, Weiner J (1985) Personal communicationGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Malker HSR, McLaughlin JK, Malker BK, Stone BJ, Weiner JA, Erickson JLE, Blot WJ (1985) Occupational risks for pleural mesothelioma in Sweden 1961–79. INCI 74:61–66Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mutti A, Cavatorta A, Pedroni C, Borghi A, Giaroli C, Franchini I (1979) The role of chromium accumulation in the relationship between airborne and urinary chromium in welders. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 43:123–133Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Schlesselman JJ (1982) Case — control studies. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mats Hagberg
    • 1
  • Bengt Lindqvist
    • 1
  • Stig Wall
    • 1
  1. 1.National Board of Occupational Safety and Health, Medical Division, Departments and Anatomy, Internal Medicine and Social MedicineUniversity of UmeåSweden

Personalised recommendations