, Volume 87, Issue 2, pp 141–146 | Cite as

Comparative effects of thyrotropin releasing hormone, MK-771 and DN-1417 on morphine abstinence syndrome

  • Hemendra N. Bhargava
  • George A. Matwyshyn
Original Investigations


The effect of thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) were compared with two of its analogs, l-N-(2-oxopiperidin-6-yl-carbonyl)-l-histidyl-l-thiazolidine-4-carboxamide (MK-771) and γ-butyrolactone-4-carboxyl-histidylprolineamide (DN-1417) on the abrupt and naloxone-precipitated abstinence symptoms in morphine-dependent male Swiss-Wester mice. Mice were made physically dependent on morphine by subcutaneous implantation for 3 days of a pellet containing 75 mg morphine free base. Control mice were implanted with placebo pellets. Intracerebral administration of TRH (10 ng-10 μg per mouse) immediately after removal of placebo pellets had no effect on the basal temperature of mice. Mice implanted with morphine pellets exhibited a characteristic hypothermic response following the removal of the pellets. TRH at all doses employed prevented the hypothermia observed during abrupt withdrawal of morphine (pellet removal). DN-1417 and MK-771 (10 ng-10 μg per mouse) on the other hand produced a short lived hyperthermic response in mice from which placebo pellets had been removed. However, both TRH analogs produced long-lasting antagonism of withdrawal hypothermia in mice from which morphine pellets had been removed. TRH and its analogs had no effect on the body weight loss observed during abrupt withdrawal of morphine. Intracerebral administration of 10 μg TRH and its analogs inhibited the naloxone-induced jumping response as evidenced by increases in naloxone ED50 values to elicit this response. It is concluded that TRH and its analogs may be useful in combating some of the withdrawal symptoms in opiate-dependent subjects.

Key words

Mice Morphine abstinence syndrome Dependence Naloxone Hypothermia Body weight loss TRH-MK-771 DN-1417 Peptide hormone 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hemendra N. Bhargava
    • 1
  • George A. Matwyshyn
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PharmacodynamicsUniversity of Illinois at Chicago, Health Sciences CenterChicagoUSA

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