Effect of hymexazol on growth and reproduction of low temperature Phytophthora species
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The effect of hymexazol (3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole or HMI) on growth and reproduction of low temperature Phytophthora species with growth maxima under 30 °C, was studied on clarified V-8 juice agar medium at 50 μg/ml and 5 μg/ml. HMI severely inhibited growth of P. infestons, P. phaseoli, P. porri and P. syringae, retarded the growth of P. hibernalis and P. lateralis but enhanced the growth of P. fragariae and P. ilicis. Phytophthora cactorum and P. pseudotsugae with a maximal temperature of 30 °C were moderately inhibited.
HMI reduced or prevented sporangial production on agar medium by P. cactorum, P. hibernalis, P. ilicis, P. infestons, P. lateralis, P. phaseoli, P. porri and P. primulae, and suppressed chlamydospore formation in P. porri and to a lesser extent, P. lateralis. The production of sex organs was prevented by HMI in P. phaseoli, P. porri, and P. syringae, reduced in P. hibernalis and P. ilicis but unaffected in P. cactorum, P. primulae and P. psuedotsugae.
KeywordsAgar Agar Medium Growth Maximum Phytophthora Phytophthora Species
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